Fritz Albert Lipmann


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Lipmann, Fritz Albert

 

Born June 12,1899, in Koningsberg (present-day Kaliningrad). German-American biochemist. Member of the US National Academy of Sciences (1950) and the Royal Society of London (1962).

Lipmann graduated from the University of Berlin in 1924. He worked at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Biology in Berlin from 1927 to 1931, the Rockefeller Institute in 1931 and 1932, and the Carlsberg Laboratory in Copenhagen from 1932 to 1939. In 1939, Lipmann emigrated to the USA, where he worked at Cornell University until 1941 and at Harvard University until 1949. He was a professor of biochemistry at the Massachusetts General Hospital from 1949 to 1957. Since 1957 he has been with the Rockefeller Institute.

Lipmann’s main works deal with cellular metabolism, protein biosynthesis, and the activation of sulfhydryl groups. He isolated and studied the chemical structure and biological role of coenzyme A. Lipmann was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1953.