Fröding, Gustaf

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Fröding, Gustaf

(gŭs`täv frö`dĭng), 1860–1911, Swedish lyric poet. His first two volumes of poems, Guitar and Concertina (1891) and New Poems (1894), both translated into English in 1925, assured his popularity. They include songs, meditations, and poems in praise of nature. His complete works (1917–23) number 16 volumes. Translations of his poetry met with little success abroad, yet he himself was an eminent translator of Burns, Byron, Goethe, and Heine. Fröding suffered from melancholia and mental instability for much of his life. His last collections were clearly marked by his derangement.

Bibliography

See study by P. B. Austin (1986).

Fröding, Gustaf

 

Born Aug. 22, 1860, in Alster, near Karlstad, Värmland; died Feb. 8, 1911, in Gröndal, Stockholm. Swedish poet and publicist.

Fröding studied at the University of Uppsala. In his collections Guitar and Concertina (1891) and New Poems (1894), folklore motifs and realistic portrayals of peasant life occupy an important place. Mystical motifs and a tragic perception of the world typify such collections as Splashes and Rags (1896). Fröding’s poetry, which is linked to neoromanticism, greatly influenced 20th-century Swedish poetry. In the critical essays “Naturalism and Romanticism” and “On Humor” Fröding rejected naturalism.

WORKS

Samlade skrifter, vols. 1–16. Stockholm, 1922–25.
In Russian translation:
Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCES

Brandes, G. Sobr. soch., 2nd ed., vol. 2, part 2. St. Petersburg [1906]. (Translated from Danish.)
Olsson, H. Fröding. Stockholm, 1967.
Landquist, J. Gustaf Fröding. Stockholm, 1964.
Brandeil, G. Gustaf Fröding. Stockholm, 1957.