fruit bat

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fruit bat,

fruit-eating batbat,
winged mammal of the order Chiroptera, which includes 900–1,000 species classified in about 200 genera and 17 families. Bats range in size from a wingspread of over 5 ft (150 cm) to a wingspread of less than 2 in. (5 cm).
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 found in tropical regions of the Old World. It is relatively large and differs from other bats in the possession of an independent, clawed second digit; it also depends on sight rather than echo-location in maintaining orientation. The Pteropodidae, or flying foxes, are S Asian fruit bats whose short jaws and powerful teeth are specially adapted for piercing the rinds of tough fruit. They include the largest of all bats, the kalang (Pteropus vampyrus), which has a wingspan greater than 5 ft (1.5 m). The Macroglossidae, or long-tongued fruit bats, are widespread throughout S Asia, Africa, New Guinea, and Australia. Specialized for a diet of pollen and nectar, their snouts and tongues are greatly elongated. All fruit bats are highly mobile, traveling as much as 30 mi (48 km) in search of food. They nest in trees and all but a few species are completely nocturnal. Fruit bats are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Chiroptera.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Africa, infection has been docuA[degrees]mented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.
Numbers of Cyprus' indigenous fruit bat have decreased by a shocking 85 per cent over the last four years, according to the agriculture ministry.
The Nipah virus, for which there is no treatment, is carried in fruit bats and can cause acute feverish illness, laboured breathing, and neurological symptoms such as trembling, twitching and muscle spasms at its worst.
Other Pickathon players this year will be Damien Jurado, the Sadies, Fruit Bats and Cottage Grove resident Richard Swift.
They are commonly known as the Fruit Bats or Flying Foxes among other numerous colloquial names.
The hunters would drop the net and it would be full of fruit bats.
They also traded hundreds of taxidermy specimens as well as the sale and storage of animals such as owls, Hornbills and Fruit Bats.
00pm) David Attenborough reveals how mammals dominate the planet and survive in extreme habitats, from Weddell seals in the Antarctic to fruit bats in the Congo.
Marketing executive at the zoo, Kim Riley, said: "Counting elephants is easy enough but the most difficult to check were the sebus fruit bats because it's dark in the cave and the keepers had to use a torch to see them.
We examined activity patterns of a captive colony of Jamaican fruit bats (Artibeus jamaicensis) using an Anabat II echolocation detection system and visual observations.
They also sampled for avian disease, examined the stomach contents of monitor lizards, and conducted a census of fruit bats.