fruit fly

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fruit fly,

common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.

fruit fly

[′früt ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for those acalypterate insects composing the family Tephritidae.
Any insect whose larvae feed on fruit or decaying vegetable matter.

fruit fly

1. any small dipterous fly of the family Trypetidae, which feed on and lay their eggs in plant tissues
2. any dipterous fly of the genus Drosophila
References in periodicals archive ?
A water-soaked cotton swab was laid in such a manner that half of it was submerged in sucrose solution, while the remaining half stayed above the beaker so as to keep the solution in reach of adult fruit flies in cages.
The overall impacts of fruit flies is 50 to 90 percenthowever, Citrus, Mangoes and Guava are the major victims in Pakistan'.
Two holes were cut, one in the lid and the other exactly the opposite to facilitate the entry of fruit flies.
An adequate number of baited traps must be distributed in infested areas in order to minimize the adult fruit flies in the area (Martinez-Ferrer et al.
Once, the fruit flies were controlled completely, then there would be low chance of its emergence in future, he added.
In the well-rested fruit flies, the neurons fired only about once per second and were the least active.
When he returned to the lab on Monday, Verstrepen found that Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies from a neighboring lab had invaded his flasks.
Strategies for the control of fruit flies should posses the following components: sustainable suppression and environmental friendly.
In experiments asking fruit flies to distinguish between ever closer concentrations of an odour, the researchers found that the flies don't act instinctively or impulsively.
The eggs hatch into maggots, which feed, become adults, and round the cycle goes, leading to skyrocketing populations of maggots and fruit flies.
lounsburyi is relatively specialized on olive fruit fly is supported by the fact that it had been reared only from olive fruit fly in decades of field collections of African fruit flies (Copeland et al.
In the experiment, Cameron and his team compared normal fruit flies with fruit flies whose taste cells had been disabled.