Fruiting Body

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fruiting body

[′früd·iŋ ‚bäd·ē]
A specialized, spore-producing organ.

Fruiting Body


the receptacle of sporebearing organs found in most ascomycetous and basidiomycetous fungi. The fruiting body is formed by the interweaving of the hyphae of the mycelium and usually constitutes a visible part of the fungus. Only in truffles and a few other fungi is the entire body, including the fruiting body, hidden in the soil. The shape, size, consistency, and color of fruiting bodies vary widely and are considered as morphological characteristics in the taxonomy of fungi.

The following three types of fruiting bodies are distinguished in Ascomycetes: the cleistothecium, the perithecium, and the apothecium. The cleistothecia are rounded and closed and have a peridium (outer envelope). There are no special openings, and the asci develop the fruiting body either randomly or in bundles. The spores, or ascospores, are released from the fruiting body after the decay (in Plectascales) or rupture (in Erysiphaceae) of the peridium. Perithecia, which are pitcher-shaped, oval, or spherical, have a narrow opening at the top. Apothecia are saucer-shaped or cup-shaped. Less frequently they resemble little cushions or caps on a stalk (for example, in morels). The asci are distributed on the upper side of the apothecia in the form of a hymenium.

In many Ascomycetes the fruiting bodies are immersed in a thick matting of hyphae, known as the stroma, which varies in shape, size, and color. In Basidiomycetes, the fruiting bodies may be laminate, procumbent on the substrate (resupinate forms), hoof-shaped (agarics), club-shaped, branching (Clavaria), umbrella-shaped, in the form of caps on a stalk (Hymeno-mycetes), spherical, or pear-shaped (puffballs).

In certain other fungi, one distinguishes gymnocarpous fruiting bodies, which have an open hymenium; hemiangiocarpous fruiting bodies, which are semiclosed; and angiocarpous fruiting bodies, which are completely closed. Spores, or basidiospores, develop in definite places on the surface of the fruiting body (for example, the laminae of Russula and Lactarius deliciosus; in the tubules of cepes) or within the fruiting body (for example, in puffballs).

Some fungi have no fruiting bodies. These include lower fungi (Phycomycetes), some Ascomycetes (such as yeasts), some Basidiomycetes (Ustilaginales, Uredinales), and all Fungi Imperfecti. Sometimes fruiting bodies are incorrectly called pycnidia, which are actually the spore carriers of Sphaeropsidales of the order Fungi Imperfecti.


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On the basis of the results, it is suggested that three different extracts from the fruiting bodies of P.
In the present study, a laccase was successfully isolated from the fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom A.
Hypsin, a novel thermostable ribosome-inactivating protein with antifungal and antiproliferative activities from fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Hypsizigus marmoreus.
The moisture content of mushroom was determined after drying the fruiting bodies in an air oven at 67 [degrees]C for 24 hrs.
In our study, the water extract of our cultivated C militaris fruiting bodies had much higher concentrations of cordycepin than the [CM.
Feeding could have been inhibited by the physical presence of fruiting bodies on the needles; when disturbed, young larvae crawl down the twig and would thereby encounter infected needles from previous years.
A protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B activity inhibitor from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum (Fr.
At the end of the experiment, we assessed the cheating ability of the descendants by mixing equal numbers of descendants and ancestors and checking to see whether the descendants ended up in the stalks or the spores of the fruiting bodies," Strassmann says.
That's when you add the casing mixture, without which the mycelium won't go on to produce the fruiting bodies we call mushrooms.
Representative fungal fruiting bodies were identified as members of the Peniophorella praetermissa species complex by microscopic and DNA analyses.
The scientists found that in some cases, the fruiting bodies also contain bacteria saved from the exhausted feeding ground.
For the purpose of this article, "mushroom nutriceuticals" (Chang & Buswell, 1996) are defined as "refined/partially defined/unrefined mushroom preparations derived from fruiting bodies, fungal mycelium or the spent culture fluid following mycelium growth in submerged culture that possess nutritional and/or medicinal properties and which are consumed in the form of capsules or tablets as a dietary supplement.