Carlos Fuentes

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Fuentes, Carlos

(kär`lōs fwān`tās), 1928–2012, Mexican writer, editor, and diplomat. He was head of the department of cultural relations in Mexico's ministry of foreign affairs (1956–59) and Mexican ambassador to France (1975–77). Much of his fiction, which generally deals with themes of Mexican identity and history and often focuses on politics as well as love, sex, memory, and death, is a synthesis of reality and fantasy, transcending the limits of time and space (see magic realismmagic realism,
primarily Latin American literary movement that arose in the 1960s. The term has been attributed to the Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier, who first applied it to Latin-American fiction in 1949.
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). His works include La región más transparente (1958; tr. Where the Air Is Clear, 1960), Muerte de Artemio Cruz (1962, tr. Death of Artemio Cruz, 1964), Cambio de piel (1967; tr. A Change of Skin, 1968), Terra Nostra (1975, tr. 1976), Una familia lejana (1980; tr. Distant Relations, 1982), Gringo Viejo (1985, tr. The Old Gringo, 1985, film 1989), La Campaña (1990, tr. The Campaign, 1991), Años con Laura Díaz (1999; tr. The Years with Laura Díaz, 2000), Instinto de Inez (2001, tr. Inez, 2002), Silla del Águila (2003, tr. The Eagle's Throne, 2006), and Voluntad y la fortuna (2008, tr. Destiny and Desire, 2011). His nonfiction books include The Buried Mirror (1992), a study of Spanish and Latin American cultural history, and This I Believe (2005), an alphabetically arranged combination of memoir, manifesto, and literary essay. Fuentes also wrote numerous essays and short stories, e.g., Todas las Familias Felices (2006, tr. Happy Families, 2008).

Bibliography

See biographies by W. Faris (1983) and A. González (1987); studies by R. Brody and C. Rossman, ed. (1982), K. Ibsen (1993), R. L. Williams (1996), C. Helmuth (1997), and M. Van Delden (1998).

Fuentes, Carlos

 

Born Nov. 11, 1928, in Mexico City. Mexican writer.

Fuentes was educated as a lawyer. He published the short-story collection Masked Days in 1954. His novels Where the Air is Clear (1958), The Good Conscience (1959), and The Death of Artemio Cruz (1962; Russian translation, 1967) are devoted to recent Mexican history. These works, together with those of J. Rulfo, represent a new stage in the development of realist prose in Mexico. In the novels A Change of Skin (1967) and Birthday (1975), Fuentes added avant-garde techniques to his artistic repertoire. Fuentes has also published a play called All the Cats Are Gray (1970; Russian translation, 1972) and a collection of critical essays under the title The New Hispano-American Novel (1969).

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Spokoinaia sovest’. Smert’ Artemio Krusa. Povesti i rasskazy. Moscow, 1974.

REFERENCES

Kuteishchikova, V. N. Meksikanskii roman. Moscow, 1971.
Terterian, I. A. “V poiskakh formuly,” Voprosy literatury, 1974, no. 1.
Kuteishchikova, V., and L. Ospovat. Novyi latino-amerikanskii roman. Moscow, 1976.

V. N. KUTEISHCHIKOVA