Fukien


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Fukien:

see FujianFujian
or Fukien
, province (2010 pop. 36,894,216), c.48,000 sq mi (124,352 sq km), SE China, on Taiwan Strait. The capital is Fuzhou. The climate is warm and very moist, the terrain mostly hilly or mountainous.
..... Click the link for more information.
, China.

Fukien

 

a province in East China, located primarily along the coast of the East China Sea and the Formosa Strait. Much of Fukien lies in the basin of the Min Chiang. The highest elevation is 2,158 m at Wui Shan. Area, 120,000 sq km. Population, 17.5 million (1975). The capital is Fuchou.

Agriculture, especially land cultivation, is the mainstay of Fukien’s economy. The cultivated areas, which make up more than 12 percent of the province, are primarily concentrated in the coastal lowlands and the river valleys; there are terraced fields on the mountain slopes. More than 70 percent of the cultivated land is irrigated. Food crops are harvested twice a year (three times a year in the south). The principal food crops are rice and sweet potatoes; industrial crops include sugarcane, tobacco, peanuts, and sasanqua. Many tropical fruits are grown, including longans, litchis, bananas, and various citrus fruits. Fukien is one of China’s most important tea-producing regions. Livestock and silkworms are raised. Other important agricultural products are the bark of the camphor tree, the fruit of the Japanese varnish tree, and bamboo. The province is one of the chief fishing regions of China.

Iron ore, coal, manganese ore, and alumina are mined in Fukien. Salt is extracted from seawater.

Fukien’s manufacturing industry makes primarily paper, wood products, silk fabrics, and food products, such as tea and sugar. The province also has machine-building plants and enterprises of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. Cottage industries produce lacquer ware, and articles made of bamboo. The cities of Fuchou and Amoy (Hsiamen) account for much of Fukien’s industry. Fuchou has shipbuilding, woodworking, and tea-processing enterprises, and Amoy has metalworking and food-processing enterprises. Other major industrial cities are Nanp’ing, Changchou, and Ch’üanchou.

The Min Chiang is navigable. Fuchou and Nan’ping are Fukien’s most important river ports; Amoy is the most important seaport.

K. N. CHERNOZHUKOV

The region that is now Fukien was settled in ancient times by various non-Chinese tribes. In the third and second centuries B.C. it formed part of the Min-yüeh state. Chinese rulers did not conquer the region until the beginning of the Common Era. Between the seventh and tenth centuries Chinese settled in the region in considerable numbers and gradually absorbed the native population. Under the T’ang Dynasty, which ruled from the seventh to ninth centuries, the region was, given the name “Fukien.”

In the second half of the 17th century Fukien was one of the areas of popular resistance to China’s Manchu conquerors. Late in the same century it was made a province by the Manchu Ch’ing Dynasty. The Nanking Treaty of 1842 opened the ports of Amoy and Fuchou to foreign trade. A large-scale anti-Ch’ing popular uprising led by secret societies took place in Fukien in 1853. By the late 19th century the province was part of the Japanese sphere of influence.

In 1929 and 1930 soviet regions were established in western and northern Fukien (seeSOVIETS IN CHINA). In November 1933 the Nineteenth Kuomintang Army mutinied in Fukien against the government of Chiang Kai-shek, but the revolt was suppressed early the next year. From 1937 to 1945 the province’s coastal regions were occupied by the Japanese. The People’s Liberation Army of China freed Fukien from Kuomintang forces betweeen August and October 1949.

V. P. ILIUSHECHKIN

Fujian

, Fukien
1. a province of SE China: mountainous and forested, drained chiefly by the Min River; noted for the production of flower-scented teas. Capital: Fuzhou. Pop.: 34 880 000 (2003 est.). Area: 123 000 sq. km (47 970 sq. miles)
2. any of the Chinese dialects of this province
References in periodicals archive ?
Gladys Harman, MS 380815/1/1: "A History of Mission Medical Work in Changchow Fukien, China III," description of events from 1941 to 1951 and from 1985.
Church Missionary Society Archive (Marlborough, England), including selected files in East Asia Missions pertaining to the China Mission (1834-1914), South China Mission (1885-1934 and 1935-51), Western China Mission (1898-1934 and 1935-51), Fukien Mission (1911-34 and 1935-51), and Kwangsi-Hunan Mission (1911-34 and 1935-51), selected files in Missions to Women, and selected files in Central Records;
Lee Yi-yang Director General of Department of Health Lee Ming-liang Director General of Coast Guard Administration Wang Chun National Palace Museum Director Tu Cheng-sheng Fukien Provincial Governor Yen Chung-cheng Minister without portfolio Chiou I-jen Minister without portfolio Huang Hwei-chen Minister without portfolio Lin Sheng-feng Minister without portfolio Chen Chi-nan Minister without portfolio Hu Sheng-cheng Minister without portfolio Tsay Ching-yen (f) = female
From China we could investigate the yen pi (fine pastry) of Fukien, stuffed with meat, and the noodle dish of Shantung, ch'a chiang ming, like spaghetti with sauce.
For it was a handful of sailors and merchant marines from Fuzhou and neighboring Ma Wei, men like Alan Mansin Lau, a former president of the Fukien American Association, who planted the first seeds of Fuzhou's New York-based community by jumping ship in the United States during the two decades following World War II.
In 1943 he was posted to the Fukien Province in China, where for the next three years he was in command of a weather reconnaissance base.
The South China Sea is defined by the International Hydrographic Bureau as the semi-enclosed body of water stretching in a southwest to northeast direction, whose southern border is 3 degrees south Latitude, between south Sumatra and Kalimantan (Karimata Straits), and whose northern border is the Strait of Taiwan from the northern tip of Taiwan to the Fukien coast of China.
That story, told in flashbacks that take place in the Fukien province of China in 1918-19, forms the bulk of the play, with the diminutive Soelistyo shedding her wizened shuffle to play the same character as a 10-year-old child, Ahn, even as actor Kim doubles as his own grandfather, Eng Tieng-Bin.
Most of the play is set in Fukien, China, in 1918, as a little girl named Ahn watches her father, Tieng-Bin, convert his family to Christianity, and his three wives try to adjust to that decision.
This study was conducted in Hsiaohu District Natural Preserve Area, Sanming city, Fukien Province, People's Republic of China (latitude 26 [degrees] 10' N, longitude 117 [degrees] 20' E).
Lords of the Rim tells the story of the Overseas Chinese, a group of 55 million expatriates from modern-day Fukien, Chekiang and Kwangtung provinces who have spread throughout Asia and across the world.
The karate students I teach discover ways of knowing their bodies' strength that came to them through me as well as through my teacher, or sensei, Tong; his sensei, Nishiyama; his sensei, Funakoshi; his sensei, Matsumura; his sensei, the Fuchow Chinese master Ason; and his sensei from the old Shaolin temple in Fukien.