fulmar

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fulmar

(fŭl`mər): see shearwatershearwater,
common name for members of the family Procellariidae, gull-like sea birds related to the petrel and the albatross and including the fulmar. Shearwaters are found on unfrozen saltwaters all over the world, with 35 species in North America.
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; petrelpetrel
, common name given various oceanic birds belonging, like the albatross and the shearwater, to the order known commonly as tube-nosed swimmers. There are two families of petrels: the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae) and the diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
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Fulmar

 

(Fulmarus glacialis), a bird of the family Procellariidae of the order Procellariiformes. The body length is approximately 50 cm, the wingspan approximately 110 cm, and the weight approximately 760 g. Plumage color may be light—grayish to dove gray—or dark—smoky brown of varied intensity.

Fulmars inhabit the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and parts of the northern Arctic Ocean. They are oceanic birds, and they are found on land only during the reproductive period. They nest in colonies on rocky coasts. There is one egg per clutch, and both parents sit. Fulmars are active day and night. In the sea they feed on fish, fish roe, mollusks, crustaceans, and carrion. The birds fly excellently in any weather, and they can soar. They swim well, and they sleep and rest on the water. Fulmars move awkwardly on land, leaning on their metatarsal bones. They are objects of commerce—the eggs and meat are edible, the oily fat from the stomach is used for technical purposes, and the down is used.

REFERENCES

Kozlova, E. V. “Burevestnikovye ilitrubkonosye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy SSSR, part 1. Moscow, 1951.
Sudilovskaia, A. M. “Otriad trubkonosye ili burevestnikovye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Moscow, 1951.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

fulmar

[′fu̇l·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the oceanic birds composing the family Procellariidae; sometimes referred to as foul gulls because of the foul-smelling substance spat at intruders upon their nests.

fulmar

any heavily built short-tailed oceanic bird of the genus Fulmarus and related genera, of polar regions: family Procellariidae, order Procellariiformes (petrels)
References in periodicals archive ?
Fisher (1952) reports Northern Fulmars scavenging Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata) and Puffin (Fratercula spp.
Experimental work confirmed that "psittacosis virus" was contracted by humans when juvenile fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) were caught and prepared for cooking (4).
On Devon Island, the northern fulmars breed on rocky cliffs and bring home most of their food from the seas between Ellesmere Island and Greenland, 400 km away.
Fulmars look similar to seagulls and are grey and white in colour.
Photographing seabirds in May and June can be rewarding and there are many locations in Scotland where gannets, guillemots and fulmars can be found.
But seabirds are returning: black guillemots to Holyhead harbour and fulmars paired up from Llanddulas to the Llyn, others checking out the cliffs on their stiffened wings.
Peaches, 19, said: "Scientific studies have shown plastic bags are damaging to marine species, including whales, dolphins, seals, puffins, fulmars and turtles.
Cops are hunting the four youths after they gunned down fulmars, kittiwakes and cormorants in the Moray Firth.
In record numbers, young northern fulmars are turning up dead on beaches from Canada to Mexico.
At the Fowlsheugh reserve in Aberdeenshire, fulmars, herring gulls and kittiwakes did well this year.
OUR sea cliffs are currently busy with auks, kittiwakes, and fulmars all spending just enough time to breed before returning to a life on the sea for the rest of the year.
The island supports bird species like puffins, Manx shearwaters, storm petrels, guillemots, razorbills, fulmars, herring gulls, lesser and great black-backed gulls and ravens.