fulmar

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fulmar

(fŭl`mər): see shearwatershearwater,
common name for members of the family Procellariidae, gull-like sea birds related to the petrel and the albatross and including the fulmar. Shearwaters are found on unfrozen saltwaters all over the world, with 35 species in North America.
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; petrelpetrel
, common name given various oceanic birds belonging, like the albatross and the shearwater, to the order known commonly as tube-nosed swimmers. There are two families of petrels: the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae) and the diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
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Fulmar

 

(Fulmarus glacialis), a bird of the family Procellariidae of the order Procellariiformes. The body length is approximately 50 cm, the wingspan approximately 110 cm, and the weight approximately 760 g. Plumage color may be light—grayish to dove gray—or dark—smoky brown of varied intensity.

Fulmars inhabit the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and parts of the northern Arctic Ocean. They are oceanic birds, and they are found on land only during the reproductive period. They nest in colonies on rocky coasts. There is one egg per clutch, and both parents sit. Fulmars are active day and night. In the sea they feed on fish, fish roe, mollusks, crustaceans, and carrion. The birds fly excellently in any weather, and they can soar. They swim well, and they sleep and rest on the water. Fulmars move awkwardly on land, leaning on their metatarsal bones. They are objects of commerce—the eggs and meat are edible, the oily fat from the stomach is used for technical purposes, and the down is used.

REFERENCES

Kozlova, E. V. “Burevestnikovye ilitrubkonosye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy SSSR, part 1. Moscow, 1951.
Sudilovskaia, A. M. “Otriad trubkonosye ili burevestnikovye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Moscow, 1951.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

fulmar

[′fu̇l·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the oceanic birds composing the family Procellariidae; sometimes referred to as foul gulls because of the foul-smelling substance spat at intruders upon their nests.

fulmar

any heavily built short-tailed oceanic bird of the genus Fulmarus and related genera, of polar regions: family Procellariidae, order Procellariiformes (petrels)
References in periodicals archive ?
Les especes qui nichent dans des terriers (macareux moine Fratercula arctica) ou sur le sol (fulmar boreal Fulmarus glacialis, goeland marin Larus marinus et goeland argente Larus argentatus) n'ont pas eu de progeniture en 2009, et le guillemot marmette (Uria aalge) de cette colonie, soit la plus volumineuse colonie de cette espece en Amerique du Nord, a enregistre une reduction du nombre d'oiseaux en nidification evaluee a 4,9 % (-19712,4 paires de reproduction).
Age, experience, and other factors affecting the breeding success of the Fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis, in Orkney.
Key words: colony attendance, Fulmarus glacialis, marine production, northern fulmar, weather
Mots cles: frequentation des colonies, Fulmarus glacialis, production marine, fulmar boreal, conditions meteorologiques
Diurnal rhythm of the fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in the Arctic summer.
Breeding ecology of the fulmar Fulmarus glacialis and the kittiwake Rissa tridactyla in High-Arctic northeastern Greenland, 1993.
Diets and feeding of fulmars Fulmarus glacialis during the breeding season: A comparison between St.
Key words: northern fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis, Arctic, population status, population trend, colony attendance
Mots cles : fulmar boreal, Fulmarus glacialis, Arctique, etat de la population, mouvement de population, frequentation des colonies
Status, Trends, and Attendance Patterns of the Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in Nunavut, Canada.