Fumaria


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Related to Fumaria: fumitory, Fumaria indica

Fumaria

 

a genus of plants of the family Fumariaceae. They are annual herbs with alternate, narrowly dissected leaves. The corollas are rose-violet, sometimes white, with a single short spur, and there are two stamens. The fruit is nutlike. There are about 55 species in Europe, growing chiefly in the Mediterranean region, in the Caucasus, in Asia (as far as Central Asia and the Himalayas), and in Africa. In the USSR there are ten species. The best known species is fumitory (F. officinalis), with grayish leaves that appear smoky and rose-violet blossoms. This species may be found primarily in the forest zone of the European part of the USSR and in Western Siberia, where it grows in fields, on fallow, and in gardens. Fumitory, which contains fumaric acid, has been used in folk medicine.

References in periodicals archive ?
They encompass a diverse group of more than 200 structures with restricted occurrence in certain higher plant taxa belonging to species Aristolochia, Argemone, Ceratocapnos, Chelidonium, Corydalis, Cynanchum, Dicentra, Fumaria, Papaver, Pergularia, Platycapnos, Rupicapnos, Sarcocapnos, Sanguinera, and Tylophora (Sato 2013; Nakagawa, et al.
Hepatoprotective potential of Fumaria indica Pugsley whole plant extracts, fractions and an isolated alkaloid protopine.
Euphorbiaceae Stem Methanolic Fumaria vaillantii Lois.
2000); the contractile activity of crude extracts of Fumaria indica and Hibiscus rosasinesis (both containing saponins) was abolished by pretreatment with atropine suggesting that the extract contains components with cholinomimetic activity (Gilani et al.