fundamental particle

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fundamental particle

[¦fən·də¦ment·əl ′pärd·ə·kəl]
(particle physics)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Large Hadron Collider at Cern in Switzerland has pioneered research into fundamental particles Cern
The researchers hope that the eventual detection of hybrid mesons would help us expand our understanding of how the strong nuclear force - the least understood of the four known fundamental forces - works, which, in turn, would allow us to better understand the fundamental particles that make up ordinary matter, including protons and neutrons.
They are among the most abundant - and least understood - fundamental particles.
The newly confirmed [1] existence of the Majorana particle is an affirmation of this dialectical law and at the same time it is a negation of the (artificial) division into the absolute and the unitary categories of the fundamental particles in nature as bosons and fermions.
We now know that an invisible energy field, the Higgs field, stretches across the universe, one that clings to fundamental particles like the proton to give them mass.
I will describe the nature of the Higgs field and how it interacts with the fundamental particles of nature to give us mass.
But it was not until 2012 that the Large Hadron Collider would prove his theory on how fundamental particles get their mass.
We still have a number of challenges before this technology becomes practical for real-world use, but eventually it would substantially reduce the size and cost of future high-energy particle colliders for exploring the world of fundamental particles and forces," said Joel England, the SLAC physicist who led the experiments.
The collider is intended to accelerate and collide protons and relatively heavy ions such as gold to study a recently discovered phase of matter, a plasma of fundamental particles quarks and gluons, officials said.
Everything in it is made of a few fundamental particles, which are governed by four fundamental forces.
The Higgs boson is thought to be responsible for the existence of mass in fundamental particles which constitute the building blocks of the universe.
Alongside Hawking, a second $3 million award has gone to the scientists behind the discovery this year of a new subatomic particle that behaves like the theoretical Higgs boson, imagined almost half a century ago and responsible for bestowing mass on other fundamental particles.

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