Furcraea


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Furcraea

 

a genus of plants of the family Agavaceae; the genus is closely related to the genus Agave. The plants have a short stalk and a rosette of somewhat succulent leaves measuring 1.5–2.5 m in length. The campanulate perianth has six free bracts, which are greenish on the outside and white inside. The flowers are gathered into very large pyramidal terminal panicles. The fruit is a capsule. In addition to the flowers, bulbels frequently develop in the inflorescence; bulbels sometimes also appear on the parent plant.

There are about 20 species, distributed in Central America and in northern regions of South America. The leaves of several species yield a strong fiber, which is used in making rope and coarse fabric. The giant cabuya (F. gigantea) is cultivated as a fiber plant in tropical and subtropical countries; F. cabuya and several other species are used for fiber by the local inhabitants.

References in periodicals archive ?
The parenchymatous secondary conjunctive tissue is deposited both on the internal and external sides; the deposition may be meager as in Dasylirion serratifolium or massive as in Furcraea pubescens (Schoute, 1903; Cheadle, 1937).
Maguey refers to various forms of the a gave and furcraea genus, also called the century plant, and fibers from these plants are used to create many classic Guatemalan textiles.
Plantings of bronze cordyline, a green spear lily (Doryanthes palmeri), a potted Furcraea foetida 'Mediopicta', and blue pansies soften the home's facade.
Odontonema strictum (Nees) Kuntz, Furcraea tuberosa (Miller) Ait.
Also, Agave has the largest inflorescence in the plant kingdom, up to 10 m high and more (Gentry, 1982, page 36); but also some Furcraea species (an Agavaceae closely related to Agave, Garcia-Mendoza, 2001, page 26) and some palms (as Corypha elata, C.
Even green plants, like the Furcraea pictured at right, stand out against contrasting succulent foliage like blue Senecio mandraliscae.