Furcraea


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Furcraea

 

a genus of plants of the family Agavaceae; the genus is closely related to the genus Agave. The plants have a short stalk and a rosette of somewhat succulent leaves measuring 1.5–2.5 m in length. The campanulate perianth has six free bracts, which are greenish on the outside and white inside. The flowers are gathered into very large pyramidal terminal panicles. The fruit is a capsule. In addition to the flowers, bulbels frequently develop in the inflorescence; bulbels sometimes also appear on the parent plant.

There are about 20 species, distributed in Central America and in northern regions of South America. The leaves of several species yield a strong fiber, which is used in making rope and coarse fabric. The giant cabuya (F. gigantea) is cultivated as a fiber plant in tropical and subtropical countries; F. cabuya and several other species are used for fiber by the local inhabitants.

References in periodicals archive ?
Cabe destacar que la produccion de bulbilos por inflorescencia es muy baja (menos de 45), muchos de los cuales son raquiticos, a diferencia de las grandes cantidades de bulbilos vigorosos por inflorescencia en numerosas especies del genero cercano Furcraea Vent.
Se recolectaron hojas de Furcraea gigantea de aproximadamente 15 anos de edad, procedentes de la zuna rural del municipio de El Tambo, Departamento de Narino (suroccidente de Colombia).
Los extractos de Macrophylla furcraea Baker (Fique) y Cyperus rotundus L (Coquito) en diluciones de 5 y 10%,presentaron mayor poder inhibitorio sobre la germinacion de las semillas de Bidens pilosa L.
Other characteristic plants include Agave americana and Furcraea andina (Agavaceae), Tillandsia lymanii and Puya sp.
Odontonema strictum (Nees) Kuntz, Furcraea tuberosa (Miller) Ait.
en el piso termomediterraneo Eucalyptus Australia H, G, T, C Matorrales y camaldulensis formaciones subseriales degradadas Furcraea foetida America T Ambientes ruderales y Central periurbanos Gomphocarpus Capense H, P, G, T, Ambientes riparios y fruticosus C, F, L costeros Grevillea robusta Australia C Ambientes ruderales y periurbanos Hylocereus undatus Neotropical P, G, T, C Ambientes forestales y periurbanos, paredes de piedra, etc.
No hemos visto cultivada otra especie de Furcraea en todo este sector litoral.
Also, Agave has the largest inflorescence in the plant kingdom, up to 10 m high and more (Gentry, 1982, page 36); but also some Furcraea species (an Agavaceae closely related to Agave, Garcia-Mendoza, 2001, page 26) and some palms (as Corypha elata, C.
Furcraea macdougallii Matuda, Echinodorus virgatus (Hook.
Preciado y Rangel (2006) y Rojas (2008) realizaron aproximaciones en la evaluacion del potencial fungico que tiene el jugo de fique en el control de Phytophthora infestans, encontrando que esta especie del genero Furcraea spp.
Protocolo para la micropropagacion de Furcraea macrophylla Baker.