Furkat

Furkat

 

(pen name of Zakirdzhan Khalmukhamedov). Born 1858 in Kokand; died 1909 in Iarkend. Uzbek poet, thinker, and publicist writer.

Furkat was educated in a madrasa in Kokand, where he studied Arabic and Persian, as well as classical Eastern poetry. At this time he began writing lyric and satirical verse. In 1889 he moved to Tashkent, and beginning in 1891 he traveled widely through South Asia and the Balkan Peninsula. In 1894, Furkat was persecuted by the aristocrats he had satirized and was compelled to settle in Iarkend in Kashgaria, now the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. There he devoted himself to translating various works and to compiling a collection of his own works.

Furkat’s lyric ghazals were notable for their originality of style and imagery. They affirmed the dignity of man and attacked religious mysticism and asceticism. Furkat’s satirical poetry condemned the ignorance and self-interest of the aristocracy, merchants, and clergy. In his socially oriented poetry, Furkat emerged as a humanist grieving over the hard life of the working people and criticizing social injustices. Together with the poet Mukimi, Furkat headed a group of progressive poets that included Zavki and Avaz.

Furkat was a leader of the cultural renewal in Uzbek social thought and literature that took place during the late 19th century and the early 20th century. He stressed the importance of drawing on the achievements of Russian culture in order to develop Uzbekistan and its native intelligentsia. The humanist views of Furkat and his followers contributed greatly to the development of Uzbek literature, philosophy, and pedagogy and helped combat feudal and patriarchal institutions.

WORKS

Tänlängän äsärlär, vols. 1–2. Tashkent, 1959.
Tänlängän äsärlär. Tashkent, 1975.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv. Tashkent, 1958.

REFERENCES

Sabirov, M. “Obshchestvenno-politicheskie vzgliady Zakirdzhana Furkata.” Zvezda Vostoka, 1958, no. 1.
Abdugafurov, A. Kh. “O realizme v uzbekskoi demokraticheskoi literature.” In Problemy realizma v literaturakh narodov Sovetskogo Vostoka. Baku, 1974.
Furqät vä Muqimiy häqidä mäqalälär. Tashkent, 1958.
Räsul, H. Furquät: [Tänqidiy-biagräfik acherk]. Tashkent, 1959.

A. A. VALITOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- Ambassador of Uzbekistan Furkat A Sidikov Friday assured cooperation to Pakistan in various fields especially energy and agriculture.
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Detectives probing the 31-year-old's death, in August 2010, are focusing on his relationship with Furkat Ibragimov, whose billionaire father Alijan is listed among the 400 richest people in the world.
Afin que la participation marocaine soit a la hauteur, l'entraineur national, l'Ouzbek Furkat Isayev, a mene recemment une operation de detection des meilleurs elements nationaux qui sont entres dans un stage ouvert a l'Institut national des sports Moulay Rachid a Sale, aux cotes de 6 des meilleurs lutteurs evoluant en France, souligne le communique, ajoutant que cette demarche a conduit a la formation de deux equipes nationales A et B.
For this reason it is possible to consider Furkat to be the father of Jadidist thought in Turkistan.
Government, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), on Tuesday awarded $86,908 grant to improve street light services in Furkat village of Kara-Suu district of Osh Oblast, the U.
The police established identities of killers, two suspects were detained on February 25, residents of Furkat village.
Individuals who don't know the ins and outs of shopping for insurance run the risk of either settling for a policy that's needlessly expensive or that does not really suit their needs," stated Furkat Kasimov of 2Insure4Less.
com is dedicated to addressing the insurance-related concerns of consumers, which is why we have established a presence on Twitter," stated Furkat Kasimov of 2Insure4Less.
For example, in Furkat district of Osh, the agency saw a family of 12 who had lost all of their paperwork when they fled their home early last month.
Many people are paying too much for their insurance premiums," said Furkat Kasimov of 2Insure4Less.