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A small cutaneous abscess, usually resulting from infection of a hair follicle by Staphylococcus aureus. Also known as boil.



an acute purulent necrotic inflammation of a hair follicle and surrounding tissue caused by pyogenic bacteria, chiefly Staphylococcus aureus.

The occurrence of furuncles is promoted by contamination and microtraumas of the skin, increased perspiration and fatty secretion, and metabolic disorders. Characteristic is a painful inflamed nodule with a central slough, or core. After the necrotic tissue is sloughed off, the skin heals and forms a scar. Furuncles usually appear on the neck, back, face, or back of the head. The presence of multiple furuncles is called furunculosis. Purulent necrotic inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue around a group of hair follicles and sebaceous glands is called a carbuncle. Severe complications (purulent meningitis, sepsis) may result from a furuncle on the face.

Treatment includes applying an antiseptic to the skin and, sometimes, administering an antibiotic orally or intramuscularly. Prevention consists of proper personal hygiene, prevention of microtraumas of the skin, and prompt treatment of injured skin.


Raben, A. S. Furunkuly i furunkulez, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1962.


References in periodicals archive ?
admissions (age-standardized admission Type of infection and ICD codes rate per 100,000 population) Acute community-onset infections likely to be caused by staphylococci (ICD-9: ICD-10 codes) 1989-90 2003-04 Abscess, carbuncle, and furuncle 23,884 (50.
From September 1999 to November 2000, 6 of the 22 students from a single third-grade classroom in a town of 12,000 in western Switzerland had 13 episodes of skin infections, including furuncles, abscesses, and cellulitis.
aureus, and similar to other community-acquired MRSA outbreaks (17-19), recurrent abscesses, or furuncles, or both were the predominant infection in our study.
Jenishbek has diabetes mellitus, furuncles all over his body, benign tumors on his face and head, inflammation of the digestive tract.
Cellulitis, erysipelas, Chiller, Selkin, & impetigo, folliculitis, Murakawa, 2001 furuncles and carbuncles Necrotizing fasciitis Swoboda-Kopec et al.
Staphylococcus aureus causes a wide variety of diseases in humans, the clinical courses of which range from boils and furuncles to more serious diseases such as septicemia and pneumonia (1).
In healing furuncles, herpes zoster and bruises, 80 g flax seed is assumed a mushy shape together with 40 g mallow and then put on the lesion.
5,6) Cervical epidural abscess without predisposing factors have been reported before (7), however, previous case series (4) have shown that the development of spinal abscess is predisposed by risk factors such as intravenous drug abuse, nonspinal infection (cellulitis, furuncles, retropharyngeal or psoas abscess and endocarditis); diabetes mellitus, chronic alcoholism, recent spinal or epidural procedures, recent spinal trauma, HIV infection, and chronic steroid use.
aureus from boils, abscesses, carbuncles, and furuncles in patients throughout England, Wales, and Northern Ireland in 2008.
Ground drug is put on skin to soften furuncles, and the herb has been used for bathing of tired legs (Lavrenov and Lavrenova, 2003).
Boils or furuncles should be treated by drainage, infection control, and wound care, with antimicrobial drugs reserved for complications.