care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Theme 4: End-of-life issues: maintaining futile care or withdrawing treatment
According to research, which statement about futile care in critical care settings is correct?
One cause might be the perception gap between physicians and nurses as to what constitutes futile care, which has been reported to widen as the perceived end of life approaches.
Futile care is the use of tests and treatments that cannot possibly impact on a patient's outcome.
Futile care is defined as any treatment without at least a 5 percent chance of five-year survival.
The prognosis is not good, and we're just doing futile care rather than comfort care.
The partnership has resulted in improved patient quality of care; avoidance of suffering and futile care in future medical admissions related to clear goals; and overall enhancement of the hospital's palliative care service, Ms.
Considering his multiple medical problems and overall prognosis, both nursing staff and medical staff agree that DNR status would be appropriate for RD--they feel that, in his case, aggressive care would be futile care.
Since dividing by zero defines infinity (1) and the benefits of futile care are zero, a costs/benefits ratio analysis of futile clinical care reveals its costs are infinite.
gt;TX Futile care theory is a one-way street when it comes to patient autonomy and end-of-life care.
These research findings should therefore do much to dispel a common myth of extensive and expensive, but largely futile care in hospital for terminally ill and dying Canadians.
Many patients simply do not want or need much of the high-tech and futile care that create these final-day costs.