Fuzhou


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Fuzhou,

city, Jiangxi prov., China: see LinchuanLinchuan
or Linchwan
, city (1994 est. pop. 192,800), N central Jiangxi prov., China. It is an agricultural and commercial center and a road hub, known for its hot springs. Barite deposits are nearby. The city was formerly called Fuzhou, Fuchow, or Fu-chou.
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Fuzhou

(fo͞o`jō`) or

Foochow

(fo͞o`chou`), city (1994 est. pop. 952,300), capital of Fujian prov., China, a port on the Min River delta c.25 mi (40 km) from the coast. A regional commercial and fishing center that used to trade chiefly with Taiwan, Fuzhou was linked with the central Chinese railway system in 1956, and its economic ties are now mostly with the mainland. It has an airport, chemical plants, a small integrated iron and steel complex, textile and paper mills, machine shops, food-processing establishments (tea and sugar), and paper mills. Fuzhou consists of an old walled city, which lies c.2 mi (3 km) from the river, and a modern riverside town. A bridge crosses to Nantai island, the former foreign settlement and business center. Large vessels dock 15 mi (24 km) downstream to transship their goods. In 1984 it was designated as one of 14 open port cities. The old city of Fuzhou dates from the T'ang dynasty (A.D. 618–906). Marco Polo, who called it Fugiu, visited the city on his return journey. After the Opium WarOpium Wars,
1839–42 and 1856–60, two wars between China and Western countries. The first was between Great Britain and China. Early in the 19th cent., British merchants began smuggling opium into China in order to balance their purchases of tea for export to Britain.
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 (1839–42) Fuzhou was established as a treaty porttreaty port,
port opened to foreign trade by a treaty. The term is usually confined to ports in those countries that formerly strongly objected to foreign trade or attempted altogether to exclude it. Thus it is used especially in reference to Japan and China.
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. By 1850 it was the principal Chinese port and the world's largest tea-exporting center. Its importance declined when the demand for tea decreased and when harbor silting barred large vessels. Fuzhou has several institutions of higher learning, including Fuzhou Univ. and Fujian Medical College. In the surrounding hills are beautiful pagodas and monasteries, and a summer resort. The name sometimes appears as Fu-chou.

Fuzhou

, Foochow, Fuchou
a port in SE China, capital of Fujian province on the Min Jiang: one of the original five treaty ports (1842). Pop.: 1 398 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Fuzhou, Jumada II 20, 1434, Apr 30, 2013, SPA -- Health authorities in southeast China's Fujian Province reported a new human infection of the H7N9 avian flu on Tuesday, bringing the total number of cases in the province to three.
Train D3115, running from Zhejiang's capital city of Hangzhou to Fuzhou, had reportedly stalled on the track after being hit by lightning, suggesting a faulty collision avoidance system.
The trip is intended to establish an educational district link with Fuzhou, in the Fujian province.
The company's president Lin Sheng-chang recently claimed that its integrated touch-panel production line at the Fuzhou facility will have a maximum monthly capacity of 200,000 panels initially.
Analyses of sediment cores extracted from the Fuzhou Basin indicate that, at that time, the kind of marshy areas needed for rice paddies disappeared under rising seas.
According to the Appraisal Report about Fuzhou Power Generation
PSA's joint venture at China's Fuzhou Port will manage and operate existing container terminals at Qingzhou and Taijiang.
Opening Marks the Introduction of the Sheraton Brand in New Commercial District of Fuzhou in Fujian Province, China
purchased Fuzhou Fujian Drug Company located in China in February 1999.
Elastomix, a rubber compounder of the JSR Group, has decided to take an equity stake in Fuzhou Guo Tai CMB, a rubber compounding company in China's Fujian Province.
The other Russian-made destroyer, the Fuzhou, was commissioned in January.
Kinugawa also said that while Fuzhou Fukwang Rubber will raise