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(fo͞o`jō`) or


(fo͞o`chou`), city (1994 est. pop. 952,300), capital of Fujian prov., China, a port on the Min River delta c.25 mi (40 km) from the coast. A regional commercial and fishing center that used to trade chiefly with Taiwan, Fuzhou was linked with the central Chinese railway system in 1956, and its economic ties are now mostly with the mainland. It has an airport, chemical plants, a small integrated iron and steel complex, textile and paper mills, machine shops, food-processing establishments (tea and sugar), and paper mills. Fuzhou consists of an old walled city, which lies c.2 mi (3 km) from the river, and a modern riverside town. A bridge crosses to Nantai island, the former foreign settlement and business center. Large vessels dock 15 mi (24 km) downstream to transship their goods. In 1984 it was designated as one of 14 open port cities. The old city of Fuzhou dates from the T'ang dynasty (A.D. 618–906). Marco Polo, who called it Fugiu, visited the city on his return journey. After the Opium WarOpium Wars,
1839–42 and 1856–60, two wars between China and Western countries. The first was between Great Britain and China. Early in the 19th cent., British merchants began smuggling opium into China in order to balance their purchases of tea for export to Britain.
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 (1839–42) Fuzhou was established as a treaty porttreaty port,
port opened to foreign trade by a treaty. The term is usually confined to ports in those countries that formerly strongly objected to foreign trade or attempted altogether to exclude it. Thus it is used especially in reference to Japan and China.
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. By 1850 it was the principal Chinese port and the world's largest tea-exporting center. Its importance declined when the demand for tea decreased and when harbor silting barred large vessels. Fuzhou has several institutions of higher learning, including Fuzhou Univ. and Fujian Medical College. In the surrounding hills are beautiful pagodas and monasteries, and a summer resort. The name sometimes appears as Fu-chou.


city, Jiangxi prov., China: see LinchuanLinchuan
or Linchwan
, city (1994 est. pop. 192,800), N central Jiangxi prov., China. It is an agricultural and commercial center and a road hub, known for its hot springs. Barite deposits are nearby. The city was formerly called Fuzhou, Fuchow, or Fu-chou.
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, Foochow, Fuchou
a port in SE China, capital of Fujian province on the Min Jiang: one of the original five treaty ports (1842). Pop.: 1 398 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
ENERGY RESOURCE-22 March 2007-China Clean Energy Boosts Capacity of Fuzhou City Biodiesel Plant(C)2007 JeraOne - http://www.
Ken Guest, assistant professor of anthropology at Baruch College, City University of New York, traces the immigration trail of the young adult Fujianese who have departed the region of Fuzhou City, China, in droves over the past twenty-five years.
The powerful tropical storm struck the province Saturday night in the vicinity of Fuzhou city where most of the casualties occurred, according to the Chinese state media.
The joint venture's office and plant will be located on a 15,000 square meter plot acquired in Fuzhou City, and its annual production capacity for CMB and FMB will be 2,500 tons and 250 tons, respectively.
In April the government destroyed 13 "illegal" Catholic churches in Fuzhou city in south-east China.
Photo: Customers in a department store in Fuzhou City, China, watch as Deng Xiaoping's death is announced.
1996 under the permission of Fuzhou City government and approval of People Bank of China.
ADB is helping the People's Republic of China build an integrated multimodal transport system that will link the new Xiangpu High-Speed Railway Station to the center of Jiangxi Fuzhou city.
Taipei, May 27, 2011 (CENS) -- Taiwan's Hua Nan Commercial Bank, a government-linked bank, recently inked a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Fujian Haixia Bank, formerly Fuzhou City Commercial Bank mostly held by the Fuzhou City Government.
Mr Leung and his delegation later visited an online game developer, and the Fuzhou City Planning Exhibition Hall to learn about the city s urban development.
The company has recently announced cooperation with Fuzhou city government to set up an LED venture in an industrial park in the city at a cost of around RMB353 million (US$53 million at US$1:RMB6.
Construction of Fujian Provincial Electric and Power Company's 32-story headquarters was completed last month in Fuzhou City, China.