Gérard de Nerval
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|Gérard de Nerval|
Nerval, Gérard De
(pen name of Gérard Labrunie). Born May 22, 1808, in Paris; died there Jan. 26, 1855. French poet. Son of an army doctor.
Nerval studied at the Lycée Charlemagne, where he became friendly with T. Gautier. While still a student, he published National Elegies (1826) and Political Satires (1827), written in the spirit of classicism. In these works, the poet condemned the restoration of Louis XVIII and mourned the recently lost greatness of France. Later, in the ode The People (1830), he hailed the July Revolution of 1830.
After joining the romantic movement and becoming an admirer of V. Hugo, Nerval wrote the fantastic story The Enchanted Hand (1832) and a number of plays in collaboration with A. Dumas père, the best of which is Lèo Burckart (1839). He was also the author of articles on the theater and poetry, and he translated works by Goethe (Faust), H. Heine, G. A. Bürger (Ignore), and other German poets From 1830 to 1835 he wrote Little Odes, and in 1854 he published a collection of short stories and sonnets, The Daughters of Fire. The inspiration for Nerval’s poetry was in French national culture. However, Nerval was also influenced by German romanticism and Oriental myths (the short story “Isis”; Scenes From Oriental Life, vols. 1–2, 1850). He was likewise interested in the occult (the book of essays The Illuminati, 1852). Nerval’s later poems influenced the symbolists.
WORKSOeuvres, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Sil’viia. Oktaviia. Izida. Avreliia. Edited by and introductory article by P. Muratov. Moscow, 1912. [“Stikhi.”] Translation and introduction by M. Kudinov. Inostrannaia literatura, 1974, no. 1.
REFERENCESIstoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Richer, J. G. de Nerval. . . , 6th revised ed. [Paris, 1968.]
Senelier, J. Bibliographie nervalienne (1960–1967) et compléments antérieurs. Paris, 1968.
N. N. POLIANSKII