ATF

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ATF

On drawings, abbr. for “asphalt-tile floor.”
References in periodicals archive ?
And, the mRNA levels of the GDNF in the control, diabetic, and the diabetic + SA groups also showed no statistical difference.
There were no significant differences in Pro-BDNF, NGF, GDNF, NT-3, and NT-4/5 levels between TR patients and controls.
It is important to note that this is a small safety trial to ensure the stem cells releasing GDNF do not have negative effects on leg function.
Human neural stem cells survive long term in the midbrain of dopamine-depleted monkeys after GDNF overexpression and project neurites toward an appropriate target.
Although mechanisms underlying this tendency toward self-renewal are not completely understood, overexpression of GDNF (19,21) and insignificant decrease in the Kitlg mRNA expression (22) have been observed to follow elimination of germ cells from seminiferous tubules in mice.
In our culture, the addition of EGF, LIF and GDNF on collagen- coated dishes increased the number of SSCs by self- renewal in vitro.
Niles, "Induction of GDNF mRNA expression by melatonin in rat C6 glioma cells," NeuroReport, vol.
They're now working on encapsulating the GDNF in the vesicle and will test that in a mouse.
GDNF is a protein integral to keeping the body's systems in balance (homeostasis) and helping develop and maintain the nerve cells responsible for a host of bodily functions such as digestion and muscle control.
Vitamin D upregulates neurotrophins, such as NGF (nerve growth factor) and GDNF (glial-derived neurotropic factor), up to fivefold.
Gene-based strategies, such as the injection of viral vectors expressing NGF in Alzheimer disease (AD) or the GDNF homolog neurturin in PD, are undergoing clinical trials as a means of administering biologically active amounts of these factors to brain regions undergoing degeneration [15-16].
According to this observation, a long-term SSC culture was created which SSCs self-renewal and proliferation was promoted by the support of GDNF, Epidermal growth factor (E GF) or basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) and presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS) (7).