mushroom poisoning

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mushroom poisoning,

fungal poisoning caused by ingestion of certain mushrooms (fungal organisms), most commonly Amanita phalloides and Amanita muscaria and related species. Symptoms, caused by toxic peptides, may include severe abdominal pain, vomiting, cold sweat, diarrhea, and excessive thirst; they appear 8 to 12 hours after ingestion. Damage occurs largely in the liver and kidneys. Some mushrooms contain substances that produce hallucinatory states, e.g., Psilocybe mexicana (see hallucinogenic drughallucinogenic drug
, any of a group of substances that alter consciousness; also called psychotomimetic (i.e., mimicking psychosis), mind-expanding, or psychedelic drug.
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; ergotergot
, disease of rye and other cereals caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea. The cottony, matlike body, or mycelium, of the fungus develops in the ovaries of the host plant; it eventually turns into a hard pink or purple body, the sclerotium, or ergot, that resembles
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). Occasional outbreaks of poisoning from eating canned mushrooms are not caused by poisonous mushrooms but by botulismbotulism
, acute poisoning resulting from ingestion of food containing toxins produced by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic atmosphere, such as that found in canned foods.
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 resulting from improper canning methods.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common GI symptoms among all patients were diarrhea (n = 22, 63%), anorexia (n = 21, 60%), nausea (n = 16, 46%), and vomiting (n = 15, 43%).
Spiegal said he does not need a report to determine these GI symptoms are highly prevalent among Gulf War and post-9/11 veterans.
The question of a possible association between IAH and GI symptoms is relevant, as both IAH and GI symptoms are related to ICU outcomes (8,11) and both are associated with a lower enteral feeding success rate.
We excluded from the analysis beachgoers who reported any GI symptoms within 48 hr of the beach visit.
is not associated with increased incidence or severity of GI symptoms, nor does the amount consumed predict who will report GI effects after short-term consumption of either olestra or [regular] potato chips.
Athletes with bleeding may experience more frequent GI symptoms such as abdominal cramps or bloating than those who do not report bleeding(4).
Instead of GI symptoms, most LPR patients have throat symptoms.
Of more concern is the alleged potential of olestra for causing mild to moderate GI symptoms.
Metagenics' Ultra Flora Plus[R] DF and other probiotic formulas manage GI symptoms and improve a patient's general well-being.
To determine whether gluten induces symptoms in patients responding positively to a gluten-free diet and identify those potentially affected by NCGS, GLUTOX enrolled 100 adults with functional GI symptoms and placed them on a gluten-free diet for 21 days.
offers a promising option to address disabling GI symptoms in patients with chronic GVHD.
GI symptoms concurrent with or preceding UTI are rare (4,5).