Gerard Manley Hopkins

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Hopkins, Gerard Manley,

1844–89, English poet, educated at Oxford. Entering the Roman Catholic Church in 1866 and the Jesuit novitiate in 1868, he was ordained in 1877. Upon becoming a Jesuit he burned much of his early verse and abandoned the writing of poetry. However, the sinking in 1875 of a German ship carrying five Franciscan nuns, exiles from Germany, inspired him to write one of his most impressive poems "The Wreck of the Deutschland." Thereafter he produced his best poetry, including "God's Grandeur," "The Windhover," "The Leaden Echo," and "The Golden Echo." Since Hopkins never gave permission for the publication of his verse, his Poems, edited by his friend Robert Bridges, did not appear in print until 1918. His life was continually troubled by inner conflict, which arose, not from religious skepticism, but from an inability to give himself completely to his God. Both his poems and his letters often reflect an intense dissatisfaction with himself as a poet and as a servant of God. Though he produced a small body of work, he ranks high among English poets, and his work profoundly influenced 20th-century poetry. His verse is noted for its piercing intensity of language and its experiments in prosody. Of these experiments the most famous is "sprung rhythm," a meter in which Hopkins tried to approximate the rhythm of everyday speech.


See his journals and papers (ed. by H. House and completed by G. Storey, 1959); his letters (ed. by C. C. Abbott, 1955–56); biographies by J. Pick (2d ed 1966), E. Ruggles (1944, repr. 1969), R. B. Martin (1991), N. White (1995), and P. Mariani (2008); studies by W. H. Gardner (2 vol., 2d ed. 1948), A. Heuser (1958, repr. 1969), B. Kelly (1935, repr. 1972), M. Sprinker (1980), A. G. Sulloway (1982), T. Zaniello (1987), and N. White (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Mange All could be drawn on the wrong side and Zarwaan possibly needs a shorter trip but GM HOPKINS (3.
Runner-up to GM Hopkins in the Silver Cambridgeshire, Munaaser showed nothing on his first two runs but wasn't dropped an ounce.
He is already proven over nine furlongs having taken last year's GM Hopkins can keep himself in my good books when he does the business at York.
Trained like Mange All, GM Hopkins and Zarwaan in Newmarket, there wasn't a handicapper in Britain who improved as much as Hillbilly Boy did last season and his runaway victory at Newmarket in a good time marked him down as a horse with serious ability.
45 Doncaster Sporting (50:30:20:10) 11-14 Mange All, GM Hopkins, 8-11 Zarwaan, Gabrial's Kaka, 6-8 Moohaarib, 5-7 Mondialiste, Gabrial, Hillbilly Boy, 4-6 What About Carlo, Bronze Angel, Belgian Bill, 3-5 Baraweez, 2-4 Lincoln, Fire Ship, Ocean Tempest, Jack's Revenge, 1-3 Robert The Painter, Tres Coronas, Boom And Bust, Bertiewhittle, 0.
She ran her heart out when beaten a neck by GM Hopkins at Ascot, and looks capable of defying a five pound rise.
Most people say you need a Group horse masquerading as a handicapper to win a Lincoln, so you've got to respect Mange All and GM Hopkins, but more seasoned, exposed types have won the last two or three renewals, so maybe one of mine can have his day.
Big-race wins for favourites Acapulco, Free Eagle and well backed GM Hopkins combined to leave the layers a long way behind with three days to go with Ryan Moore once again the primary instrument of destruction.
THINGS were pretty bleak at Ascot yesterday but GM Hopkins put a stride back in my step under a great ride from Ryan Moore.
While the day's feature - framed for horses rated 100110 and run over an extended mile - has attracted only a field of five, there is quality, with the Richard Hannontrained Baltic Knight and John Gosden's silver Cambridgeshire winner GM Hopkins in the lineup.
I'm hoping not to join the walking dead, but feel I have to make a strong case for top trainer Johnny Gosden's GM HOPKINS (5.
00 York This Isn't The 'Stan James Champion Hurdle' Handicap 1m RUK Card page 56 A REALLY interesting end-ofseason handicap, with the market certain to be dominated by Gm Hopkins, winner of all his three starts this season including Newmarket's Silver Cambridgeshire last time, and surely destined to make his mark in Listed/Group 3 company.