Camillo Golgi

(redirected from GTO)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Golgi, Camillo

(kämēl`lō gôl`jē), 1844–1926, Italian physician, noted as a neurologist and histologist. He shared with Ramón y Cajal the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work on the structure of the nervous system. He introduced (c.1870) a method of staining nerve tissue with silver nitrate that he used (1883) to demonstrate certain nerve cells (Golgi cells) in the central nervous system. He observed (1909) the Golgi apparatus, a part of the cytoplasm distinguishable by special staining and known as the Golgi bodies when in the form of separate particles. He recognized that the three types of malaria are caused by different protozoan organisms. Golgi taught at the Univ. of Pavia from 1875.

Golgi, Camillo

 

Born July 7. 1844, in Cortona; died Jan. 21, 1926, in Pavia. Italian histologist: named professor at the University of Pavia in 1875.

Golgi developed the chrome-silver method of preparing specimens of nerve tissue for the microscope (1873). which made it possible to see the silhouetted images of neurons with all of their processes, and thus to study and classify all of the neuronal forms of the cerebral cortex. This advance in turn opened the way for solution to the problem of the relationship between structure and function. In modern neurohistology a Golgi cell of type 1 is distinguished by a long axon that extends beyond the neural center in which the cell is located, and a Golgi cell of type 2 by a short axon that branches and ends in the same part of the gray matter in which the body of the cell is located. Golgi also described the special intracellular organelle now known as the Golgi apparatus. Golgi received the Nobel Prize in 1906, which he shared with Ramón y Cajal.

WORKS

Sulla fina anatomia degli organi centrali dei sistema nervoso. Milan. 1885.
Untersuchungen über den feineren Bau des centralen und peripherischen Nervensystems: Text und Atlas. Jena, 1894.
Opera omnia, vols. 1–3. Milan. 1903.

REFERENCE

“Professor Camillo Golgi.” British Medical Journal, 1926, vol. I, p. 221.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coop came up with the idea to merge the two concepts, and this LoudMouth themed '69 Pontiac GTO is the culmination of his vision," said Larry Jackson, CEO of LoudMouth Golf.
GTO excels at digital innovation, and is the only company that integrates 3 award-winning services under one roof:
While always expensive, the value of the 250 GTO has skyrocketed in recent years with one green model built for Stirling Moss selling last month for a world record 22.
In this price range, there are few cars that can match the GTO in terms of its blend of performance, handling and sophistication," said Lynn Myers, Pontiac-GMC general manager.
Doug's entrepreneurial spirit drives him toward product revision and new product development, while his desire to roll up his sleeves to resolve challenges will make him a valuable leader of the GTO team.
Leftlanenews, an automotive news magazine, has revealed details of the new Ferrari F12 GTO.
The Ferrari was the 19th GTO to be completed and was invoiced on September 11, 1962.
The Ferrari GTO sold at auction for 38,115,000 dollars (PS22.
We've always maintained that we would exceed the current world record and that the car would bring between $30-$40-million and today the GTO did just that," Robert Brooks, chairman of Bonhams, said in a statement.
CEO/President Steve Wong of GTO will be giving a presentation on China Green Technologies Development at the Expo.
Gogo's GTO technology will deliver peak speeds of more than 70 megabytes per second.
Schneider Electric's Magelis GTO range combines best-in-class performance with energy-efficient operation