Gabelle


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Gabelle

 

a tax on salt in medieval France; before the 14th century it was also a tax on cloth, wine, and other products. The gabelle was introduced by the state, which monopolized the sale of salt under the ordinance of 1341, and after being repealed twice, the tax was finally confirmed in 1383. Either officials or numerous tax farmers collected the gabelle. The tax rate was not uniform for all provinces: there were some with a large gabelle and some with a small one. In the 16th century the regions of Paris, Orleans, Tours, Dijon, Rouen, and others paid the large gabelle, and some provinces were released from paying the gabelle. From the second half of the 15th century the provinces of Poitou, Saintonge, Guyenne, and others did not pay the gabelle. In 1548, an insurrection broke out in Guyenne over an attempt to introduce the gabelle. The tax was particularly onerous in the coastal regions, which used much salt to preserve fish. The gabelle was one of the most hated taxes, causing popular unrest, for ex-ample in Auvillar in 1633 and in Agen in 1635. The gabelle was abolished in 1790.

REFERENCE

Duchat, E. La Gabelle, I’impot indirect. Troyes [1950].
References in periodicals archive ?
Parlementaires were exempt from the gabelle, receiving enough untaxed salt for themselves and their acquaintances.
41 and the site description for the same transaction in the Sienese gabelle in Adams, "Acquisition," 108, doc.
Assou S, Carrour TL, Tondeur S, Strom S, Gabelle A, Marty S, et al.
Siena had to use a variety of means to meet the financial obligations - direct taxes; higher gabelle rates; highly inflated salt prices forcefully imposed on the citizenry; pawning of city lands; allowing of exiles and rebels to return in exchange for a payment; and forced loans from the Church and the Jews.
RIGOROUS Paul Bramall of consultants Gabelle Tax, added: "This is a typical international tax strategy.
Paul Bramall, of tax consultancy Gabelle, said: "This looks like a similar arrangement to the one used controversially by Starbucks.
Paul Bramall of tax specialists Gabelle explained: "Employee benefit trusts were originally set up by firms to help employees who were financially distressed.
Founded in February 2011, Gabelle offers tax support to accountants, lawyers and other professionals.
Ibid,: "non avemo le piu vive intrate che le gabelle delle porte di Firenze.
The top rate of the gabelle was as high as 60 percent of the value of certain goods.
Guetin, Florence, Gabelle, Touchon and Bonte [17], in another study, investigated the effectiveness of Music--treatment on anxiety and depression in patients with Alzheimer's response, and the results suggest that there is a positive effect of music on anxiety and depressive symptoms after the intervention of music therapy.
This was no shipload of foodstuffs or merchandise on which one normally paid gate or port gabelles, but rather a work of art by Italy's most renowned marble sculptor destined for one of the most prominent churches in Rome.