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Gabii(gā`bēī), ancient town of Latium, 12 mi (19.3 km) E of Rome on the road to Praeneste (modern Palestrina). According to legend, RomulusRomulus
, in Roman legend, founder of Rome. When Amulius usurped the throne of his brother Numitor, king of Alba Longa, he forced Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, to become a vestal virgin so that she would bear no children.
..... Click the link for more information. was reared there. One of the most important of the Latin cities, it supposedly resisted a siege by Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (see TarquinTarquin
[Etruscan,=lord], in Roman tradition, an Etruscan family that ruled Rome. According to the historian Livy, when the rule of the Bacchiadae in Corinth was overthrown (c.657 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. ) but was early overshadowed by Rome and had lost all importance even in the days of the republic. In the early 21st cent. a monumental structure that preceded Greece's ascribed influence on Roman architecture was excavated in Gabii. The modern village of Castiglione is on the site.