Gabriel de Mortillet

Mortillet, Gabriel de


Born Aug. 29, 1821, in Meylan; died Sept. 25, 1898, in St. Germain-en-Laye. French archaeologist.

Mortillet took part in the Revolution of 1848 in France. From 1868 to 1885 he was a member of the staff of the St. Germain-en-Laye Museum of National Antiquities, where he was the curator of the section on prehistoric antiquities. He developed a chronological classification of the development of Paleolithic cultures, based on differences in tool-making techniques and in the shape of the tools. Although Mortillet was an evolutionist in the tradition of C. Darwin, he erroneously maintained that it was possible to apply the laws of flora and fauna development to primitive human society and to the development of the forms of objects of material culture.


Musée préhistorique. [2nd ed.] Paris, 1903.
Doistoricheskaia zhizn’: Proiskhozhdenie i drevnost’ cheloveka. St. Petersburg, 1903. (Translated from French.)


Boriskovskii, P. I., and S. N. Zamiatin. “Gabriel’ de Mortil’e.” Problemy istorii dokapitalisticheskikh obshchestv, 1934, nos. 7–8.
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Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban lists anatomist Ernest Aubertin, archaeologist Gabriel de Mortillet, and fellow Haitian scholar Louis-Joseph Janvier as Firmin's three (required) membership sponsors, going on to remark that he was admitted "with majority vote by secret ballot" on July 17, 1884 (2000a, p.
Quaternary hunters had no religion, as Gabriel de Mortillet maintained vehemently all his life:
The first explained the early history of research, notably the vision of the redoubtable Gabriel de Mortillet and the fieldwork of Alexandre Bertrand, whose notebooks were shown alongside the proceedings of the international congresses that defined the Golasecca culture.
As it happens, one of very few protagonists whose politics are acknowledged is Gabriel de Mortillet, French anti-clerical materialist and radical parliamentarian (p.
On the death of Gabriel de Mortillet in 1898, his family, friends and disciples initiated a tradition of festive gatherings in his honour.
Diners Gabriel de Mortillet, Bulletin de la Societe d'excursions scientifiques, V: 107-11.
Launched in 1864 by Gabriel de Mortillet, this journal had considerable success that went well beyond France (Richard 1992).
For one, the founding fathers of the International Congress of Prehistory, Edouard Desor (FIGURE 1) and Gabriel de Mortillet, were both polyglots who could call upon some fairly extensive networks of international contacts and friendships.
Gabriel de Mortillet was a leading figure of the AFAS: as such, he provides us a with good example of the engagements of French prehistorians in debates over the nation.
These concepts nurtured the first observations of prehistory, notably by Boucher de Perthes and Gabriel de Mortillet from the 1850s.