Irish language

(redirected from Gaelige)

Irish language,

also called Irish Gaelic and Erse, member of the Goidelic group of the Celtic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Celtic languagesCeltic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. At one time, during the Hellenistic period, Celtic speech extended all the way from Britain and the Iberian Peninsula in the west across Europe to Asia Minor in the east, where a district still known as
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). The history of Irish as a literary language falls into three periods: Old Irish (7th–9th cent. A.D.), Middle Irish (10th–16th cent.), and Modern Irish (since the 16th cent.). In the medieval period a great Irish literature flourished. Grammatically, there are still four cases for the noun (nominative, genitive, vocative, and, in some dialects, dative). In pronunciation the stress is on the first syllable. An acute accent is placed over a vowel to denote length, and a dot is placed over a consonant to indicate aspiration. The alphabet employed today for Irish can be called a variant or a derivative of the Roman alphabet that took shape about the 8th cent. A.D. It has 18 letters: 13 consonants and 5 vowels. The oldest extant Irish texts are inscriptions written in the ogham script (see oghamogham,
 ogam,
or ogum
, ancient Celtic alphabet of one of the Irish runic languages. It was used by the druids and abandoned after the first few centuries of the Christian era.
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). These texts date back to the 5th cent. A.D. or perhaps earlier and differ as much from the early literary Irish that follows them as Latin does from Old French. Native speakers of Irish are now concentrated in the western counties of Ireland. The government of Ireland is trying, thus far unsuccessfully, to revive Irish as the primary language of the country; it is an official language, and the study of Irish is required in preparatory schools. See also Gaelic literatureGaelic literature,
literature in the native tongue of Ireland and Scotland. Since Scots Gaelic became separate from Irish Gaelic only in the 17th cent., the literature is conventionally divided into Old Irish (before 900), Middle Irish (until 1350), Late Middle or Early Modern
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.

Bibliography

See H. Wagner, Linguistic Atlas and Survey of Irish Dialects (4 vol., 1958–69); R. P. M. and W. P. Lehman, An Introduction to Old Irish (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Dublin-based group took to Kickstarter to raise the cash which will be used for workshops to promote Gaelige at home and abroad.
The projects are supported by SWARD, Ciste InfheistE[degrees]ochta Gaelige, Arts Council of Northern Ireland and UCIT.
then a Gaeltacht holiday in Ireland is for you, meet the locals and converse in a few 'Cupla Focal' and enjoy immersing yourself in Gaelige.
The Gaelige Mor Irish Language Study Group and its founder, Mik Thompson, will present an historical and cultural overview and a primer on Irish pronunciation, including some memorable phrases and useful expressions, at 4 p.
with moderate SDLP Councillor Patsy McGloneIn the planter tongue As Gaelige
The magazine is aimed at teaching schoolchildren Gaelige using bright pictures and fun stories.
The company has been working closely with Foras Na Gaelige, a body responsible for the promotion of language throughout Ireland, to develop the programme.
Now fundraisers are selling wristbands with the words Leim Thart - gaelige for Jump Around, the House of Pain song Des performed live in Galway.
That was one of the primary factors as it is rare to get to act As Gaelige and all the work on the set is through Irish as well.
A lover of the Irish language, Patrick is the presenter of Suilin Draiochta, the series about the supernatural currently running on Telefis na Gaelige.
CELEBRITY Jigs 'N' Reels winner Gavin O Fearraigh is spreading the word As Gaelige - by setting up his own Irish college.
Coronation Street, EastEnders, CSI Miami and even a Milan vs Seville soccer match have all been dubbed into X-rated gaelige.