Gaetano Donizetti


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Related to Gaetano Donizetti: Giuseppe Verdi, Vincenzo Bellini

Donizetti, Gaetano

(gītä`nō dōnēdzĕt`tē), 1797–1848, Italian composer. He studied music in Bergamo and Bologna and achieved success with his first opera, Enrico di Borgogna (1818). His early work was influenced by Rossini, but he later developed his own pleasantly melodic, often sentimental, style. Most popular of his more than 60 operas are Lucrezia Borgia (1833), Lucia di Lammermoor (1835), and Linda di Chamounix (1842), all serious operas; La Fille du régiment (The Daughter of the Regiment, 1840), a French opéra comique; and L'Elisir d'amore (The Elixir of Love, 1832) and Don Pasquale (1843), outstanding examples of opéra buffa. He also wrote songs, several symphonies, chamber music, oratorios, cantatas, and church music. In 1845 he became paralyzed, and he never composed again.

Bibliography

See studies by A. Weinstock (1964) and W. Ashbrooke (1965).

Donizetti, Gaetano

 

Born Nov. 29, 1797, in Bergamo; died there Apr. 8, 1848. Italian composer.

Donizetti first studied composition under S. Mayr, and from 1815 to 1817 he continued his studies at the Bologna School of Music with S. Mattei (composition class). He made his debut as a composer in 1818 with the opera Enrico, Count of Bur gundy. The works of the 1820’s were largely influenced by G. Rossini. Donizetti developed an original style in the 1830’s. His operas U’Elisir d’amore (1832) and Lucrezia Borgia (1833) won him fame throughout Europe. One of his best mature works is the opera Lucia di Lammermoor (1835, Naples). From 1835 to 1839 he was professor (from 1837, director) at the conservatory in Naples. In 1839, after the censorship banned his operaPoliuto, he went to Paris, where the operas Les Martyrs (a reworking of Poliuto), Fille du regiment (1840), and La Favorite (1843) were produced. He also composed operas for Vienna theaters—Linda di Chamounix (1842) and Maria di Rohan (1843). In 1844 he ceased to compose because of illness.

Along with G. Rossini and V. Bellini, Donizetti is an outstanding representative of the Italian opera of the first half of the 19th century and a master of the art of bel canto. His style is characterized by light and brilliant melody, effective vocal virtuosity, and theatricality. A bright page in the history of Italian operatic music is Donizetti’s comic opera Don Pasquale (1843, Paris)—a popular opera buffa. Some of Donizetti’s works, however, are superficial, lack unity of style, and have stereotyped characterizations, which caused a number of 19th-century musical authorities to criticize his work (A. S. Dargomyzhskii, A. N. Serov). Donizetti also composed cantatas, Masses, chorales, orchestral works, and chamber music.

WORKS

Lettere inedite. … Collected by A. Eisner-Eisenhof. Bergamo, 1897.

REFERENCES

Serov, A. N. Kriticheskie stat’i, vols. 1-4. St. Petersburg, 1892-95.
Petrovskii, E. “Gaetano Donitsetti (1797-1848).” Russkaia muzykal’naia gazeta, 1897, no. 10.
Zavadini, G. Donizetti. Bergamo, 1948.
Ashbrook, W. Donizetti. London [1965].
References in periodicals archive ?
13) The Italian and English texts of the opera will be found in Gaetano Donizetti, Lucia di Lammermoor, trans, Ellen H.
January 7 Gaetano Donizetti The Elixir of Love 1:30 pm
Bergamo was also the birthplace of composer Gaetano Donizetti and there is a museum dedicated to him.
Accompanied by the piano of famed Russian maestra Mzia Bakhtouridze, Vargas strolled leisurely through arias by Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti and Giuseppe Verdi before launching into robust renditions of Mexican, Spanish and Brazilian folk songs.
Don Pasquale (nocturne), by Gaetano Donizetti and arranged by Francois Nerini.
L'elisir d'amore 19:00 @ ENO Opera by Gaetano Donizetti in two acts.
Best comic opera songs The Family Concert 2015 programme will introduce opera buffa to the audience which includes the best comic opera songs by Gaetano Donizetti and Gioachino Rossini, two Italian masters of this genre.
Toda una especialista en la materia y con un oido mas que fino para detectar estos garbanzos de a libra, Gilda Morelli me puso al tanto de esta enorme figura en ciernes, con tan sobrados recursos y dotes que pronto lo llevarian a debutar en la Opera del Palacio de Bellas Artes, nada mas y nada menos que interpretando el siempre endiabladamente complicado Tonio de La hija del regimiento, de Gaetano Donizetti, opera especialmente conocida porque buena parte de la fama del inmortal Luciano Pavarotti se debio a su singular version de la popular aria "A mes amis .
Written by Gaetano Donizetti with the Italian libretto by Felice Romani based on Eugene Scribe's Le Philtre, L'ElisirD'Amore premiered at Teatro della Canobbiana in Milan on May 12 1832.
The German-born Mayr (1763-1845) is credited with bringing Viennese classicism to Italian opera and was the teacher of Gaetano Donizetti, as well as being an influence on Gioacchino Rossini and the developing bel canto style.
eth]nhe [beaucoup moins que]Pafos Aphrodite Festival[beaucoup plus grand que] is this year giving the music loving public of Cyprus the opportunity to enjoy the famous, romantic, comic opera "The Elixir of love" by Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti, in an performance of international scope, both in terms of artistic quality, and organization.