Gaetano Donizetti


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Related to Gaetano Donizetti: Giuseppe Verdi, Vincenzo Bellini

Donizetti, Gaetano

(gītä`nō dōnēdzĕt`tē), 1797–1848, Italian composer. He studied music in Bergamo and Bologna and achieved success with his first opera, Enrico di Borgogna (1818). His early work was influenced by Rossini, but he later developed his own pleasantly melodic, often sentimental, style. Most popular of his more than 60 operas are Lucrezia Borgia (1833), Lucia di Lammermoor (1835), and Linda di Chamounix (1842), all serious operas; La Fille du régiment (The Daughter of the Regiment, 1840), a French opéra comique; and L'Elisir d'amore (The Elixir of Love, 1832) and Don Pasquale (1843), outstanding examples of opéra buffa. He also wrote songs, several symphonies, chamber music, oratorios, cantatas, and church music. In 1845 he became paralyzed, and he never composed again.

Bibliography

See studies by A. Weinstock (1964) and W. Ashbrooke (1965).

Donizetti, Gaetano

 

Born Nov. 29, 1797, in Bergamo; died there Apr. 8, 1848. Italian composer.

Donizetti first studied composition under S. Mayr, and from 1815 to 1817 he continued his studies at the Bologna School of Music with S. Mattei (composition class). He made his debut as a composer in 1818 with the opera Enrico, Count of Bur gundy. The works of the 1820’s were largely influenced by G. Rossini. Donizetti developed an original style in the 1830’s. His operas U’Elisir d’amore (1832) and Lucrezia Borgia (1833) won him fame throughout Europe. One of his best mature works is the opera Lucia di Lammermoor (1835, Naples). From 1835 to 1839 he was professor (from 1837, director) at the conservatory in Naples. In 1839, after the censorship banned his operaPoliuto, he went to Paris, where the operas Les Martyrs (a reworking of Poliuto), Fille du regiment (1840), and La Favorite (1843) were produced. He also composed operas for Vienna theaters—Linda di Chamounix (1842) and Maria di Rohan (1843). In 1844 he ceased to compose because of illness.

Along with G. Rossini and V. Bellini, Donizetti is an outstanding representative of the Italian opera of the first half of the 19th century and a master of the art of bel canto. His style is characterized by light and brilliant melody, effective vocal virtuosity, and theatricality. A bright page in the history of Italian operatic music is Donizetti’s comic opera Don Pasquale (1843, Paris)—a popular opera buffa. Some of Donizetti’s works, however, are superficial, lack unity of style, and have stereotyped characterizations, which caused a number of 19th-century musical authorities to criticize his work (A. S. Dargomyzhskii, A. N. Serov). Donizetti also composed cantatas, Masses, chorales, orchestral works, and chamber music.

WORKS

Lettere inedite. … Collected by A. Eisner-Eisenhof. Bergamo, 1897.

REFERENCES

Serov, A. N. Kriticheskie stat’i, vols. 1-4. St. Petersburg, 1892-95.
Petrovskii, E. “Gaetano Donitsetti (1797-1848).” Russkaia muzykal’naia gazeta, 1897, no. 10.
Zavadini, G. Donizetti. Bergamo, 1948.
Ashbrook, W. Donizetti. London [1965].
References in periodicals archive ?
ROHM's Artistic Director, Umberto Fanni, commented: "This opera buffo by Gaetano Donizetti sparkles with fun and mischief.
Maria Stuarda (Mary Stuart) and Roberto Devereux (second Earl of Essex) will complete the trilogy of operas by early 19th century composer Gaetano Donizetti.
The 'Pafos Aphrodite Festival 2013', to take place onSeptember 6, 7 and 8, will open with the popular, romantic, comic opera L'Elisir d'Amore (The Elixir of Love) by Italian composer Gaetano Donizetti.
FEAST DAYOF ST BRENDAN OF BIRR 1797: Gaetano Donizetti, opera composer (Lucia di Lammermoor), was born in Bergamo, Italy.
There are now complete operas by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (four), Gaetano Donizetti (twelve), Giuseppe Verdi (five), Giacomo Puccini (three), and Benjamin Britten (three), among others.
Presently, Netrebko is plenty occupied with Lucia, the mad heroine of Sir Walter Scott's 1819 novel ``The Bride of Lammermoor'' brought musically to life by Gaetano Donizetti.
An instrument that doesn't often get featured as a solo instrument in concerts is the flute, but this concert included two pieces, by Gaetano Donizetti and Giulio Briccialdi, for flute and piano, with flautist Daniela Pisano and pianist Rosanna Dambrosio.
The small company is renowned for its productions and last year it enjoyed success with performances of the little-known Lucia di Lammermoor by Gaetano Donizetti.
Similar variation is also apparent in the two versions of the Valse de concert sur deux motifs de Lucia et Parisina de Gaetano Donizetti (Vienna: Haslinger, 1852), first published as Valse a capriccio .
The operas this year's students will follow from start to finish are "Elixir of Love" by Gaetano Donizetti, first performed in 1832; and - gasp - Stephen Sondheim's "Sweeney Todd: Demon Barber of Fleet Street," about a tonsorial professional who kills his clients, robs them and, with the collusion of the owner of a nearby pie shop, turns them into meat pies that she sells to unwitting customers.
It is therefore with great excitement that I look forward to attending the next performances beginning with Falstaff by Giuseppe Verdi with the Accademia Teatro La Scala, Don Pasquale by Gaetano Donizetti with the Teatro Comunale of Bologna and the concert conducted by Maestro Riccardo Muti.