Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic

 

the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.

REFERENCES

Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Tha e a-nis, na fhaclan fhein, aig meadhan aois, agus tha cor na Gaidhlig air feadh Alba a' toirt fior mhisneachd dha.
His work as a member of the initial BErd na Gaidhlig the first Government appointed Gaelic development agency in particular, showed his passion for maintaining the language in modern day Scotland.
The festival was given the award by Bord na Gaidhlig, the development agency who co-hosted the awards bash at St Andrews in the Square, Glasgow.
Tha fios agam cait an lorg sibh co imhearsnachd na Gaidhlig - tha i a' tighinn beo air an radio, is bha bhon latha a toisich an t-seirbheis craolaidh.
Relevant information held by BErd na Gaidhlig will be made available to the successful consultant(s), in order to expedite this commission in a timely and efficient manner.
Domhnall MacLeoid, of Gaelic agency Comunn Gaidhlig Astralia, emigrated from Raasay, off Skye, in 1972.
Chan eil fhios agam a bheil mi air cruinneachadh bardachd cho cumhachdach fhaicinn ron a seo, fiu 's na leabhraichean air na diofar linntean de bhardachd Gaidhlig a nochd thairis air na bliadhnaichean.
Donald Martin, a director with Comunn na Gaidhlig - the Gaelic development agency - said it was generally accepted that Gaelic would die if the number of people speaking it dropped below 50,000.
She was joined by Torcuil Crichton, Westminster editor of the Daily Record; Maeve MacKinnon, senior education officer for Gaelic with Education Scotland; Sarah McIntyre, visual arts officer at Creative Scotland and MSP Angus MacDonald, convener of Buidheann Thar-Phartaidh Na Gaidhlig.
Contract Award Notice: Primary research question:How best to inform families on the advantages of Gaelic Medium Education and the use of Gaelic in the homeThe output BErd na Gaidhlig seeks is:- An evaluation of the effectiveness of the current Parental Advisory Scheme.
Pro-tobacco group ASH and Comunn na Gaidhlig, the Gaelic language lobby, are just two of the organisations who've pumped around pounds 100,000 into funding cross-party political groups.
EVENT AWARD Sponsored by Bord na Gaidhlig For the best Gaelic language event, one-off or regular, that has taken place in 2014/15.