galactic center

(redirected from Galactic Core)

galactic center

The innermost region of our Galaxy, or its exact center. Interstellar extinction obscures this region by up to 30 magnitudes at optical wavelengths and information on the very complex phenomena in the galactic center has been derived mainly from radio, infrared, and X-ray observations. The central region (with radius around 200 parsecs) is bright in radio and infrared continuum emission, particularly in lines of molecular CO and atomic C. This central molecular zone accounts for about 10% of the Galaxy's total molecular mass and has a high density and temperatures (30–200K). Star formation at rates of 0.5 solar masses a year is occurring at many places within this central molecular zone, probably triggered by external events, such as shocks. In particular the central parsec shows evidence for recent massive star formation, with many emission-line stars centered on the core of the central stellar cluster. The peak of this infrared emission and the stellar density coincide with the radio emission from an H II region in Sagittarius A (West). This is generally considered to be the dynamic center of the galaxy. There is also extended X-ray line emission centered on the Galactic nucleus, with a size roughly half that of the central molecular zone, indicating that some of the gas not consumed by star formation is present as a hot plasma. The X-rays also reveal a point source at the position of Sgr A West.

The density of dust at the center is very low but probably increases beyond a radius of 1 parsec to give rise to a double-lobed structure, with a 100 μm luminosity of about 107 L O. This may be heated by ultraviolet radiation from a central object located at the position of Sgr A West. The source of this heating radiation is thought to be emission from a massive black hole.

Farther away from the center, radio observations indicate that there is a thin rapidly rotating disk of hydrogen extending out to a radius of about 750 parsecs and also gas moving rapidly away from the center. In particular there are two expanding arms of gas both roughly at a radius of 3 kiloparsecs. The arm on the sunward side of the center is approaching us with a speed of 50 km s–1 and the one on the other side is receding at 135 km s–1.

Galactic Center

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Earth is located in a spiral-shaped galaxy approximately 100,000 light-years in diameter. Our solar system lies on the outskirts of the galaxy, about 30,000 light-years away from the galactic center (GC). From Earth’s perspective, the GC is located in the latter degrees of the sign Sagittarius. (Owing to the tropical or moving zodiac that most Western astrologers use, the exact position of the GC appears to be is gradually shifting.) The GC is such an intense source of infrared emissions and microwaves that astrophysicists have speculated that an explosion took place there 10 million years ago. Because our solar system is actually rotating around the GC, the GC can be thought of as a bit like the sun of our solar system. The 250 million years that it takes for our solar system to complete one rotation is called a cosmic year.

Astrologers who have studied the effects of the galactic center in horoscopes have found that it exerts a powerful influence within a narrow orb of 2°, with some effect out to 4°. Individuals with inner planets or one of the angles conjunct the GC have, as noted in Philip Sedgwick’ book The Astrology of Deep Space, a potential link “with whatever it is behind all this.” When this transpersonal link is ignored, the individual can experience stress and confusion; when it is consciously appropriated, information can be grasped that the individual may seem to have no outward way of knowing. The GC is not significant in such natural events as earthquakes, but it does appear to be prominent in important events involving technology. It also seems to play a major role in human inventiveness, especially technological inventiveness.

Given the many points occupying contemporary astrological space—heliocentric planets, multiple midpoints, thousands of asteroids, and so forth—everyone surely has some such point in the latter degrees of Sagittarius. On this basis, some astrologers find it useful to examine the position of the galactic center in every chart, and, by its house placement, determine to which area of the native’s life the cosmos is “speaking.” The GC was located at 26°09’ Sagittarius in 1950, at 26°34’ in 1980, and at 26°51’ in 2000.

Sources:

Brau, Jean-Louis, Helen Weaver, and Allan Edmands. Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: New American Library, 1980.
Sedgwick, Philip. The Astrology of Deep Space. Birmingham, MI: Seek-It Publications, 1984.

galactic center

[gə′lak·tik ′sen·tər]
(astronomy)
The gravitational center of the Milky Way Galaxy; the sun and other stars of the Galaxy revolve about this center.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet Earth is well placed, about 28,000 light-years from the galactic core.
The building site, dubbed Sparky, is a dense galactic core blazing with the light of millions of newborn stars that are forming at a ferocious rate.
The building site, dubbed "Sparky," is a dense galactic core blazing with the light of millions of newborn stars that are forming at a ferocious rate.
Our new stars are relatively small-about the size of the Sun-and the surprising part is that none of them appear to come from the galactic core," Palladino said.
Our new stars are relatively small -- about the size of the sun -- and the surprising part is that none of them appear to come from the galactic core.
At the outer-most data point the presence of stars within the galactic core begin to become apparent, with M(r) becoming larger than the form predicted in (12).
Margon said he had not studied the data, but that the Hubble telescope had proved to be highly reliable in investigating what lies beyond the dust barrier at the galactic core.
drift for a while and probably end up orbiting much farther from the new galactic core, scientists from the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore and colleagues reported in May (SN: 7/14/12.
Simulations show that our solar system will probably be tossed much farther from the galactic core than it is today.
It would take a tremendous influx of matter for the galactic core to fire up again.
The term "active" refers to the process of actively pulling in gas and whole stars and generating copious amounts of energy from a tiny galactic core in the process.
Washington, May 1 ( ANI ): Researchers have identified a group of more than 675 stars on the outskirts of the Milky Way that they argue are hypervelocity stars that have been ejected from the galactic core.