Galium


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Related to Galium: Galium verum

Galium

 

(bedstraw), a genus of plants of the family Rubiaceae. The plants are perennial or annual herbs; a few species are subshrubs. The stems are mostly square; some are clinging, with decurved spines. The leaves are whorled or, rarely, opposite. The tiny flowers, which are most commonly white or yellow, are gathered in cymose clusters or, sometimes, are solitary. The rotate or cup-shaped corolla is trimerous or tetramerous. The fruit is dry (rarely juicy) and dehiscent, dividing into two one-seeded sections.

There are approximately 400 species of bedstraw, distributed throughout the world. The plants are found predominantly in the northern hemisphere. About 100 species are encountered in the meadows, forests, glades, and thickets of the USSR. The plants grow along fences, roads, and shorelines. Sometimes they grow as weeds. The yellow bedstraw (G. verum) is found in the forest-steppe and steppe zones. Its flowers yield green and yellow dyes which are used to color wool, and its roots are the source of red dye. The white bedstraw (G. mollugo) also is often encountered in the forest and forest-steppe zones. Both species, as well as others, are nectariferous. The species G. aparine grows among cereal plantings, sometimes aiding their lodging. G. spurium grows among crops, in gardens, and on long-fallow land.

REFERENCES

Pobedimova, E. G. “Podmarennik.” in Flora SSSR, vol. 23. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
rotundifolium and Galium spurium and the mosses Brachythecium albicans, Encalypta vulgaris, Grimmia pulvinata, Syntrichia ruralis, Hypnum cupressiforme and Tortula muralis have been found.
Table 1: Herbal and nutritional tablet Herb Total Galium aparine, whole plant dry 3 g Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, leaf dry 1.
In cereal growing, fluroxypyr's key importance is control of cleavers, Galium aparine.
99Tc kemik scan ve Galium scan diger yontemlerdir ancak cocuk hastalarda radyasyon yukunun fazla olmasi nedeniyle tercih edilmemektedir.
The results presented in the paper show a clear correlation between the presence of galium in solid solution and the occurrence of the superactive.
61 Anthemis tinctoria 1 Anthriscus sylvestris 1 A triplex prostrata 2 2 Brassica campestris 5 9 Capsella bursa pastoris 1 Centaurea cyanus 2 3 Cerastium arvense 3 Cerastium holosteoides 15 Chelidonium majus 38 Chenopodium album 69 479 544 Chenopodium glaucum 7 Erodium cicutarium 1 Fallopia convolvulus 8 31 Fumaria officinalis 2 Galeopsis ladanum 1 Galeopsis tetrahit/speciosa 9 25 Galium aparine 39 Galium spurium 1 Geranium pusillum 4 Lamium album 1 Lamium purpureum 1 Lapsana communis 2 Polygonum aviculare 29 Polygonum lapathifolium 12 237 Polygonum sp.
5 (lance-leaved goldenrod) * Festuca ovina (sheep fescue) -- -- -- Festuca subverticillata -- -- -- (nodding fescue) * Fragaria vesca (woodland strawberry) * -- -- -- Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw) * -- -- -- Galium circaezans (wild licorice) * -- -- -- Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen) * -- -- -- Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) * -- 2.
Antioxidant properties of some medicinal plants: Prangos ferulacea (Apiaceae), Sedum sempervivoides (Crassulaceae), Malva neglecta (Malvaceae), Cruciata taurica (Rubiaceae), Rosa pimpinellifolia (Rosaceae), Galium verum subsp.
formerly EGS Gauging) introduced its first thickness gauge using an LED array with galium nitrite as a monochromatic, non-pulsing light source.
Mazzella, who prescribed injectable morphine, galium, Percocet, and a syringe.
al, (1990), studied isoenzymes polymorphism in 15 enzyme system of Galium (Galium austriecum and G.