Galla


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Related to Galla: Galla Placidia

Galla:

see OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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Galla

 

Gallas, a people living in Ethiopia and northern Kenya. Their population is more than 5.9 million in Ethiopia and approximately 50,000 in Kenya (1967, estimate). Their language belongs to the Cushitic group of the Semito-Hamitic language family.

The Galla are subdivided into several groups, among them the Tulama (Shoa Province), Macha (Wallaga Province), Arusi, and Boran (Sidamo Province and Kenya). Their main occupation is farming, which is combined with cattle raising in central and western Ethiopia; cattle raising is the chief occupation in southern Ethiopia and Kenya. Some of the Galla profess Christianity of the Monophysite sect; others are Muslims. In central Ethiopia the Galla are consolidated with other peoples into a single Ethiopian nation.

REFERENCES

Rait, M. V. Narody Efiopii. Moscow, 1965.
Haberland, E. Galla Süd-Äthiopiens. [Stuttgart] 1963.

M. V. RAIT


Galla

 

the language of the Galla people in southern and eastern Ethiopia and northern Kenya (approximately 6 million people; 1967, estimate). Galla belongs to the Cushitic group of the Semito-Hamitic language family.

The consonant system of Galla contains glottalized k and t and preglottalized d. Tones and the length of vowels and consonants play a phonological role. Grammatical meaning is expressed primarily by means of suffixes, which are basically agglutinative but with strong phonetic interference from adjacent morphemes, which brings the word structure close to that of the inflectional type. Case relations are expressed by noun suffixes, postpositions, and accent. There is a marked nominative case. The noun has semigrammatical categories of singularity (similar to the Russian goroshina, “pea”) and plurality (used much less frequently than in European languages). The verb is inflected for the person, number, and gender of the subject and for tense, mood, and voice (reflexive, passive, causative, and so on); it has special negative forms. Word formation is of the suffixal type. The Semito-Hamitic internal inflection has been lost. Word order is relatively fixed: the verb-predicate is located at the end of the sentence, and the attributive usually follows the dependent member.

REFERENCES

Moreno, M. M. Grammatica teorico-pratica della lingua galla con esercizi. Rome, 1939.
Thiene, G. da. Dizionario della lingua galla. Harar, 1939.
Tucker, A. N., and M. A. Bryan. Linguistic Analysis: The Non-Bantu Languages of North-Eastern Africa. London-New York-Cape Town, 1966.

A. B. DOLGOPOL’SKII

References in periodicals archive ?
W Gallas to play full match v Dynamo Kiev tonight: 2-9 yes (Bet365), 6 no (Hills); Gallas performance v Kiev: 11-4 booked (Blue Square), 50 own goal (Paddy Power), 66 red card (Paddy Power); Gallas to be at Arsenal after January transfer window: 4-6 yes (Bet365), 5-4 no (Ladbrokes); Gallas to be at Arsenal at start of next season: 4-7 no (Paddy Power), 7-4 yes (Ladbrokes).
Since beating defending champions Brazil in the quarter-finals, France have emerged as many people's favourites to win the tournament but Gallas believes the Portugal match is too close to call.
Henry Gallas, my Father, was brought into the company early on.
France international Gallas was part of the Chelsea side which won back-to-back Premier League titles after moving from Marseille.
Gallas, a free agent, was offered only a one-year deal by the Gunners, who were also not willing to hand him a pay rise.
However, the Daily Express quoted Wenger as saying: "Cesc Fabregas will be available and maybe Gallas.
Gallas has been quoted in the Evening Standard as being open to an eventual return to France for the final stages of his career, which adds fuel to questions of his long-term commitment to Arsenal.
Arsenal ace Gallas and his team-mates were annoyed about their 0-0 draw with Romania but feel they can put on a much-improved display against van Basten's dazzlers in Berne.
However, it had looked to be a sound judgement by the Arsenal manager, as Gallas took his young team to the top of the table and towards the knockout stages of the Champions League.
ARSENAL skipper William Gallas expects nothing less than silverware this season - and insists there is every chance of going one better in the Champions League than he did with Chelsea.
ARSENE WENGER maintains he would have no qualms about throwing William Gallas straight into action with his new Arsenal team-mates against Middlesbrough tomor row.
IT was entirely predictable that following Chelsea's accusation that central defender William Gallas threatened to score an own-goal as part of his bid to leave the Blues layers would rush to offer a number of specials related to the possibility of Gallas scoring at the wrong end for Arsenal.