Gallienus


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Gallienus

(Publius Licinius Valerianus Egnatius) (găl'īē`nəs), d. 268, Roman emperor. He ruled as the colleague (253–60) of his father, ValerianValerian
(Publius Licinius Valerianus) , d. after 260, Roman emperor (253–60). He held important posts, both civil and military, under the emperors Decius and Gallus. After the short reign of the former general Aemilianus, Valerian was proclaimed emperor.
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, and alone (260–68). When his father was in the East, Gallienus checked the Alemanni near Milan, and even after the capture of Valerian he was successful. Later, however, the provinces began to be too rebellious for his control. PostumusPostumus
(Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus) , d. 269?, Roman commander. Governor of Gaul under Gallienus, he revolted (257) and established an independent empire there.
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 had established his independence in Gaul, and in the East Odenathus, spreading the conquests of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
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, was being recognized. A force sent by Gallienus against ZenobiaZenobia
, d. after 272, queen of Palmyra. She was of Arab stock and was the wife of Septimius Odenathus. He was murdered, probably through her contrivance, and she obtained rule of his lands in the name of her son.
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 was defeated. Gallienus himself was murdered by his men at Milan, where he was resisting a revolt, which was eventually suppressed by his successor Claudius IIClaudius II
(Marcus Aurelius Claudius), d. 270, Roman emperor (268–70), called Gothicus. A successful general under Valerian, Claudius put down the revolt in which Gallienus was killed.
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. During his reign Gallienus had reversed his father's program of persecuting the Christians and had managed to bring the empire through a crucial period of history without complete disaster.
References in periodicals archive ?
The existence of the town in the time of the emperors Aurelius and Gallienus is attested to by coins.
The philosopher and founder of Neoplatonism was aided, it seems, by the support of the Emperor Gallienus and his wife, Cornelia Salonina, but the project (which was intended to give new life to a community of philosophers already imagined in the time of Cicero) came to nothing because of opposition in the circle of the emperor.
The capture of Valerian put a stop to the latest round of Christian persecutions; his son and heir, Gallienus, revoked Valerian's anti-Christian legislation.
Wagner, Die Dislokation der romischen Auxiliarformation in den Provinzen Noricum, Pannonien, Moesien und Dakien von Augustus bis Gallienus (Berlin 1938); K.
She considers setting the scene for changing emperorship, the impact of crisis on the position of the senatorial elite, a prosopography of the senatorial elite families, praetorian prefects and other high-ranking equestrians, and Septimius Severus and Gallienus as contrasting versions of high-ranking military officers.
These two pitfalls could have been avoided by substituting the chapter on Justinian with a chapter on Aurelian, for example, which could have discussed important events of the previous reigns of Valerian and Gallienus, while also presenting important precedents to the reforms of Diocletian and Constantine.
All Roman Emperors as Maximinus, Philip the Arab, Valerianus, Gallienus, Decius, Claudius Gothicus and Aurelianus fought with the Sassanids (7).
Historians believe the surgeon's house, the oldest building discovered, was destroyed by fire around AD 260, probably during raids by Germanic tribes during the reign of the Emperor Gallienus.
Valbuena Briones situa la peripecia de la obra en el reinado de Publius Licinius Gallienus (253-260) e identifica a Eugenia con la hija de Filipo, gobernador romano de Alejandria, joven docta dedicada a la filosofia (Perspectiva critica .
The tolerant Emperor Valerian was about to embark on a war with the Persians, and so left the city in the control of his worthless son (and fellow-consul) Gallienus and the urban prefect, who renewed the pagan persecution.
This was a delicate issue, however, even for pagan Roman society--Hadrian, Trajan, Alexander Severus, and Marcus Aurelius prohibited such mixed baths, while Domitian, Gallienus, and Heliogabalus permitted them.
He petitioned the emperor Gallienus, who favored him, to establish or reestablish a city of philosophers in southern Italy, to be ruled according to Plato's Laws.