Gallienus


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Gallienus

(Publius Licinius Valerianus Egnatius) (găl'īē`nəs), d. 268, Roman emperor. He ruled as the colleague (253–60) of his father, ValerianValerian
(Publius Licinius Valerianus) , d. after 260, Roman emperor (253–60). He held important posts, both civil and military, under the emperors Decius and Gallus. After the short reign of the former general Aemilianus, Valerian was proclaimed emperor.
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, and alone (260–68). When his father was in the East, Gallienus checked the Alemanni near Milan, and even after the capture of Valerian he was successful. Later, however, the provinces began to be too rebellious for his control. PostumusPostumus
(Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus) , d. 269?, Roman commander. Governor of Gaul under Gallienus, he revolted (257) and established an independent empire there.
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 had established his independence in Gaul, and in the East Odenathus, spreading the conquests of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
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, was being recognized. A force sent by Gallienus against ZenobiaZenobia
, d. after 272, queen of Palmyra. She was of Arab stock and was the wife of Septimius Odenathus. He was murdered, probably through her contrivance, and she obtained rule of his lands in the name of her son.
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 was defeated. Gallienus himself was murdered by his men at Milan, where he was resisting a revolt, which was eventually suppressed by his successor Claudius IIClaudius II
(Marcus Aurelius Claudius), d. 270, Roman emperor (268–70), called Gothicus. A successful general under Valerian, Claudius put down the revolt in which Gallienus was killed.
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. During his reign Gallienus had reversed his father's program of persecuting the Christians and had managed to bring the empire through a crucial period of history without complete disaster.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Ankyra coin, which is from the era of the Roman Emperor Gallienus, reflects the legend that the name of the city might derive from the word "anchor.
The capture of Valerian put a stop to the latest round of Christian persecutions; his son and heir, Gallienus, revoked Valerian's anti-Christian legislation.
Wagner, Die Dislokation der romischen Auxiliarformation in den Provinzen Noricum, Pannonien, Moesien und Dakien von Augustus bis Gallienus (Berlin 1938); K.
She considers setting the scene for changing emperorship, the impact of crisis on the position of the senatorial elite, a prosopography of the senatorial elite families, praetorian prefects and other high-ranking equestrians, and Septimius Severus and Gallienus as contrasting versions of high-ranking military officers.
These two pitfalls could have been avoided by substituting the chapter on Justinian with a chapter on Aurelian, for example, which could have discussed important events of the previous reigns of Valerian and Gallienus, while also presenting important precedents to the reforms of Diocletian and Constantine.
In the west, Valerian's son Gallienus had to contend with a more direct challenge to his dynasty, which was now stigmatised by the scandal of his father's enslavement.
Identifying a radiate hoard involves poring over prolific issues of historically little-recognised emperors made familiar only through the disproportionately massive output of their mints: Gallienus (AD 253-68), Claudius II (268-70), Postumus (260-9), Victorinus (269-71) and Tetricus I and II (271-4).
All Roman Emperors as Maximinus, Philip the Arab, Valerianus, Gallienus, Decius, Claudius Gothicus and Aurelianus fought with the Sassanids (7).
The tolerant Emperor Valerian was about to embark on a war with the Persians, and so left the city in the control of his worthless son (and fellow-consul) Gallienus and the urban prefect, who renewed the pagan persecution.
76-78, for example, "Porphyry tells us that from the first year of Gallienus (253 A.
Das Offizielle Schriftwesen des romischen Heeres von Augustus bis Gallienus (27 v.
For example, I would challenge Reece's suggestion that the radiates of Gallienus may have been deliberately abandoned, as these coins, which all had a silver content of at least 2%, had significant bullion value so that it would surely have been worth people's while to recycle them.