Diaspora

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Diaspora

(dīăs`pərə) [Gr.,=dispersion], term used today to denote the Jewish communities living outside the Holy Land. It was originally used to designate the dispersal of the Jews at the time of the destruction of the first Temple (586 B.C.) and the forced exile [Heb.,=Galut] to Babylonia (see Babylonian captivityBabylonian captivity,
in the history of Israel, the period from the fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.) to the reconstruction in Palestine of a new Jewish state (after 538 B.C.).
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). The diaspora became a permanent feature of Jewish life; by A.D. 70 Jewish communities existed in Babylonia, Syria, Egypt, Cyrene, Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome. Jews followed the Romans into Europe and from Persia and Babylonia spread as far east as China. In modern times, Jews have migrated to the Americas, South Africa, and Australia. The Jewish population of Central and Eastern Europe, until World War II the largest in the world, was decimated in the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. Despite the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, the vast majority of the Jewish people remains in the diaspora, notably in North America, Russia, and Ukraine. The term diaspora has also been applied to other peoples with large numbers living outside their traditional homelands. See JewsJews
[from Judah], traditionally, descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, whose tribe, with that of his half-brother Benjamin, made up the kingdom of Judah; historically, members of the worldwide community of adherents to Judaism.
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; JudaismJudaism
, the religious beliefs and practices and the way of life of the Jews. The term itself was first used by Hellenized Jews to describe their religious practice, but it is of predominantly modern usage; it is not used in the Bible or in Rabbinic literature and only rarely
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.

diaspora

(from the Greek dia, through, and speiro, scatter) the situation of any group of people dispersed, whether forcibly or voluntarily, throughout the world. Referring particularly to the Jewish experience, the term may be applied to any comparable migrant groups. In a world ever more subject to GLOBALIZATION, diasporic communities are increasingly a feature of the world and the social and political implications of these are much studied. See also POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Diaspora

 

the residence of a significant portion of a people (ethnic group) outside their native land. Diasporas have occurred as a result of forced deportation, the threat of genocide, and economic and geographic factors. Originally the term “diaspora” denoted the existence of Jews outside Palestine, especially after their exile by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II at the beginning of the sixth century B.C. and by the Romans in the first and second centuries A.D. Subsequently, the term was applied to other ethnic and religious groups, such as the Armenians, Irish, Chinese, and early Christians.

Diaspora

1. 
a. the dispersion of the Jews after the Babylonian and Roman conquests of Palestine
b. the Jewish communities outside Israel
c. the Jews living outside Israel
d. the extent of Jewish settlement outside Israel
2. (in the New Testament) the body of Christians living outside Palestine
3. a dispersion or spreading, as of people originally belonging to one nation or having a common culture
References in periodicals archive ?
But the lure of a new, voluntary Galut in New York is not the only temptation facing Jacob.
Elieser Berkovits, "The Galut of Judaism," Judaism 4 (Summer, 1955): 228.
Raz-Krakotzin, for one, believes that galut as a critical concept makes
We no longer speak of galut but rather tefutzot (Diaspora versus lands of dispersion).
The inclusion of cheerful Diaspora tableaux, the antithesis of a lachrymose narration of Jewish life in galut, signaled to the viewer that life in the Diaspora was, in fact, culturally viable.
The most radical of them, like Micah Yosef Berdichevski and Yosef Chaim Brenner, wanted the "transvaluation of values" which would discard the many centuries of Jewish religion and culture as defined in the Galut.
The moving restitution, this reunion of mother and child, is a modest homecoming relieving the abandonment of exile, a happy ending of aliyah after the ordeal of galut.
Ben-Gurion adroitly distinguished, Troen tells us, between Jews outside of Israel living in the galut (exile) and those living in a vibrant and sustainable Diaspora.
The establishment of the state marked the end of galut Judaism, of centuries of powerlessness.
The Rabbi Yohanans of history were labeled as kowtowing galut Jews of the exile and were looked down upon as ineffectual and effeminate.
Jews failing to accept the sacred as authentic were deemed to be in a morally inferior state, galut.
Thus the memory of Zion both animated and liberated the work of the imagination in Galut.