Galveston

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Galveston

(găl`vəstən), city (1990 pop. 59,070), seat of Galveston co., on Galveston Island, SE Tex.; inc. 1839. The island lies across the entrance to Galveston Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico. Long causeways connect the city with the mainland, HoustonHouston,
city (1990 pop. 1,630,553), seat of Harris co., SE Tex., a deepwater port on the Houston Ship Channel; inc. 1837. Economy

The fourth largest city in the nation and the largest in the entire South and Southwest, Houston is a port of entry; a great
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, and Texas CityTexas City,
city (1990 pop. 40,822), Galveston co., S Tex., on Galveston Bay, opposite the city of Galveston; inc. 1911. It is a railroad terminus and an industrial city and port with huge oil refineries, chemical plants, a large copper smelter, and factories making plastics and
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. Once Texas's largest port, Galveston has been overshadowed by nearby Houston, whose port is linked to the gulf by a canal. Galveston remains a port of entry, however, and is also a destination for cruise ships. Oil refining and shipbuilding are major industries, and the city has metal fabricating, printing, seafood processing, and the manufacture of steel containers. It is also a beach and fishing resort, with its attractions enhanced by pink and white oleanders, bougainvillea, and other subtropical blooms.

The Spanish knew the bay and the island early; it was probably there that Cabeza de VacaCabeza de Vaca, Álvar Núñez
, c.1490–c.1557, Spanish explorer. Cabeza de Vaca [cow's head] was not actually a surname but a hereditary title in his mother's family; he is frequently called simply Álvar Núñez.
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 was shipwrecked in 1528. Settlement began in the 1830s. The natural port came gradually into its own despite scourges of yellow fever, hurricanes, and the occupation for a few months in 1862 by a small Union force. A 1900 hurricane resulted in thousands of deaths and left the city in ruins. Against future storms an enormous 10-mi (16-km)-long protective seawall was built; however, occasional hurricanes still can cause significant damage, especially on the portions of the island not protected by the seawall. Hurricane Ike (2008) was especially destructive.

Of interest are the Texas Heroes monument, the Rosenberg Library, several old homes, and a 142-acre nature and entertainment complex that includes a 10-story glass pyramid with rain forests and a bamboo forest. A Coast Guard base is in Galveston, as is the Univ. of Texas Medical Branch (including the Galveston National Laboratory) and a campus of Texas A&M Univ (including the Texas Maritime Academy).

Bibliography

See E. Larson, Isaac's Storm (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Oceanfront Lofts is within minutes from Schlitterbahn waterpark, Scholes International Airport at Galveston, Texas A&M University at Galveston, and Galveston Island Convention Center.
GALVESTON, Texas, Dhu-AlHijjah 25, 1435, Oct 19, 2014, SPA -- Some of the dozens of people who are being watched for possible exposure to Ebola in the United States are expected to be cleared on Sunday and Monday, potentially easing concerns about the spread of the disease after two nurses were infected, Reuters reported.
CONTACT: Steve Pavlicek of American National Insurance Company, Galveston, Texas, +1-409-766-6447
And so far, President Bush, who publicly honored the Galveston, Texas, native when he was Texas' governor, hasn't pushed through the paperwork.
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA; and ([dagger]) United States Department of Agriculture--Agricultural Research Service, Kerrville, Texas, USA
Four States Recyclers Expo, Galveston, Texas, Texas Automotive Recyclers Assoc.
More than 267,000 cruise passengers headed to Caribbean hot spots from Galveston, Texas, in 2002, a 79% increase from 2001, reports AP (Nov.
Bishop Joseph Fiorenza of Galveston, Texas, issued the statement, which was published in Osservatore Romano on May 17.
GALVESTON, Texas -- Smart Holdings, LLC of Houston, New Orleans and Holland is pleased to have on display this weekend and throughout next week at Moody Gardens, Galveston, Texas the most practical, economical, and green solution to housing and emergency housing.
Purpose: The City of Galveston, Texas (the City ) is requesting qualifications from individuals, firms, or corporations (the Respondent ) to provide professional planning, architectural, design, engineering, and construction administration services for the improvement of two park facilities.
CONTACT: James Pozzi of American National Insurance Company, Galveston, Texas, +1-409-766-6563
VALENCIA - A Princess Cruises vessel started sailing Monday from its new home port of Galveston, Texas, as the Valencia-based cruise line inaugurated a new route to the western Caribbean.