Gamal Abdel Nasser

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Nasser, Gamal Abdel

 

Born Jan. 15, 1918, in Beni Mor, Asyut Province, Egypt; died Sept. 28, 1970, in Cairo. Statesman and political figure in Egypt.

The son of a postal worker, Nasser graduated from a secondary school in Cairo in 1935 and from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1939 with the rank of second lieutenant. After serving in Egypt and the Sudan, he was sent to the military college of the General Staff in 1942 and graduated with distinction. He took part in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49 and was wounded. Holding the rank of lieutenant colonel, from 1949 to 1952 he taught at the military college of the General Staff.

Nasser founded and headed the Free Officers, a secret political organization that planned and carried out an anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution on July 23, 1952. Nasser became deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. From 1954 to 1956, with brief interruptions, he was prime minister and simultaneously carried out the duties of president. From June 1956 he was president of Egypt. Nasser headed the struggle of the Egyptian people against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956, and from 1956 was commander in chief of the armed forces.

Nasser devoted great attention to the development of Egypt’s economy. In June 1962, the National Congress of Popular Powers ratified the Charter of National Action, which was prepared under Nasser’s direct supervision and which set forth progressive aims for Egyptian domestic and foreign policy. Nasser also actively supported the unity of the Arab peoples in their struggle for national independence. In 1963 he became chairman of the Arab Socialist Union. Despite the Egyptian military defeat resulting from the Israeli aggression against the Arab countries in 1967 and the accompanying economic and political difficulties, Nasser was supported by the masses of the people and continued to implement progressive socioeconomic measures. On Mar. 30, 1968, he set forth a program of action to do away with the consequences of the Israeli aggression.

Nasser convened or actively participated in many international conferences of heads of state and government, at which he defended the cause of all peoples struggling for freedom and independence. He was a consistent advocate of strengthening the friendship and expanding the all-around cooperation between Egypt and the Soviet Union.

WORKS

Falsafat al-thavrah. (Philosophy of the Revolution.) Cairo, 1954.
Khutab wa tasrihat. (Speeches and Addresses.) Cairo, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
An Israeli MP from the opposition told Ben Gurion that his request to meet Prime Minister Gamal Abdul Nasser and other Arab leaders would be neglected by the Arab governments.
While he was telling his parliament of his readiness to meet Premier Gamal Abdul Nasser and other Arab leaders for peace talks, his soldiers were stealthily poised for a treacherous night attack against an Egyptian position south-west of the demilitarised zone of El-Auga.
An outspoken proponent of the leftist, pan-Arabist policies of former Egyptian president Gamal Abdul Nasser, Sabbahi is campaigning on a populist platform stressing his humble beginnings.
For new models and inspiration, they often look to the past - including the Ottoman era and the decades preceding the establishment of the Arab nationalist regimes heralded by the rise in Egypt of Gamal Abdul Nasser in 1952.
Gamal Abdul Nasser, who soon established himself as the charismatic leader of the revolution, was remarkably in tune with the hearts and minds of the Arab masses; he had a vision not just for Egypt but for the entire Arab world: a vision of Arab unity which would reverse centuries of colonial dominance of the Arab world as well as the humiliation of the nakba -- the dispossession of Palestine by Israel in 1948.
Essam al-Eryan, deputy head of the Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party, commented on the dismissal of Ghatit by saying, "We see that the scenario of July 23 is repeating itself," referring to the Egyptian coup d'etat in 1952, led by the Free Officers' Movement and Gamal Abdul Nasser.
But Friday's protest quickly turned violent after security forces used batons and sprayed water to break up a clash between the opposing camps who had gathered in the Gamal Abdul Nasser roundabout near the Interior Ministry in Amman.
The most prominent of these officers was Gamal Abdul Nasser, the Egyptian leader, who unlike most of the other military officers, remains very popular even to this very day, primarily for championing the Palestinian cause and urging Arab unity.
May the sacrifices and legacies of Chris Hani, Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Gamal Abdul Nasser, Carlos Cardoso, Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim, Samora Machel, John Garang, Steve Biko, Ferhat Abbas, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, Thomas Sankara, and Amilcar Cabral, among too many others, inspire you to speak out against injustice whenever and wherever you encounter it.
The movement is largely the brainchild of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Gamal Abdul Nasser, former president of Egypt and Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito.
He has been several times invited by world leaders such as Gamal Abdul Nasser (President of Egypt) for advising on political conflicts as he is widely respected and known for being a fair person.
This volume analyzes the British intervention in the Middle East, particularly in terms of Britain's support of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, during the mid-1950s crisis involving covert war between the pan-Arabist forces allied with Egypt's Gamal Abdul Nasser and the Western-allied monarchies such as Jordan.