Gamaliel of Jabneh

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Gamaliel of Jabneh

(gəmā`lēəl, jăb`nē), fl. A.D. 100, Jewish scholar; grandson of the Gamaliel who, according to tradition, taught St. Paul the law. A Palestinian Tanna, he succeeded Johanan ben ZakkaiJohanan ben Zakkai
, leader of the Pharisees of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, afterward founder of the Jewish academy at Jamnia. He emphasized the study of the Torah as the primary religious duty for which humankind was created. After A.D.
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 as head of the academy at JamniaJamnia
, biblical Jabneel and Jabneh [Heb.,=God causes to build], ancient city, central Israel. Its modern name is Yavne. A central city of Philistia, the Bible refers to its walls being destroyed by Uzziah. It was pillaged by Judas Maccabaeus and later rebuilt.
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. He centralized rabbinic authority and was recognized by the Romans as a leader of his people. He played a significant role in the formulation of two important innovations in Jewish ritual: the final version of the Amidah (the 18 blessings) and the Passover seder, which substituted for the paschal sacrifice of the now destroyed Temple. He also helped to standardize the Jewish calendar.
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Shmuel was one of the second generation of Tannaim, who served under the Patriarch, Gamaliel II of Yavneh, during the last two decades of the first century C.