George Gamow

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Gamow, George

(găm`ŏf), 1904–68, Russian-American theoretical physicist and author, b. Odessa. A nuclear physicist, Gamow is better known to the public for his excellent books popularizing abstract physical theories. He did his earlier research at the universities of Copenhagen, Cambridge, and Leningrad, where he was professor (1931–33). He then came to the United States, where he taught at George Washington Univ. (1934–56) and the Univ. of Colorado (from 1956) and served with U.S. government agencies. He formulated (1928) a theory of radioactive decay and worked on the application of nuclear physics to problems of stellar evolution. He was one of the first proponents of the "big bang" theory of cosmologycosmology,
area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories
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. In 1954 he proposed an important theory concerning the organization of genetic information in the living cell. His writings include Constitution of Atomic Nuclei (1931; 3d ed., with C. L. Critchfield, Theory of Atomic Nucleus, 1949), Mr. Tompkins in Wonderland (1939), One, Two, Three … Infinity (1947, rev. ed. 1961), The Creation of the Universe (1952, rev. ed. 1961), Mr. Tompkins Learns the Facts of Life (1953), The Atom and Its Nucleus (1961), and Gravity (1962).

Bibliography

See his autobiography, My World Line (1970).

Gamow, George

(1904–68) physicist; born in Odessa, Russia. His European research on radioactivity and atomic fission gained him an international reputation that preceded his arrival at George Washington University (1934–56). He and Edward Teller formulated their rule for beta decay in 1936. He postulated that primordial matter existed prior to the origin of the universe (1948), he developed the theory of red giant stars, and he was a major proponent of the "big bang" theory of the origin of the universe. He correctly theorized that DNA structure forms a code that directs protein synthesis. He became a professor at Colorado (1956–68), where he wrote and illustrated most of his many books for nonscientists.
References in periodicals archive ?
One contemporary observer remarks that, "These observations suggest that I should be grateful my genes were not designed by George Gamow or Francis Crick.
Gamow presents fundamental principles of physics through the dreams and fantastic adventures of the titular protagonist.
George Gamow, a prominent physicist who led a parallel life as a cartoonist, light versifier, and author of children's books, evidently possessed an impish sense of humor.
He realised that he had little future as a Jew in Hitler's Germany,and in 1934 he was given a Rockefeller Foundation Scholarship which took him to Copenhagen, where he met George Gamow,a Russian patriot.
The book chronicles Watson's research, his life among the scientific elite-notably George Gamow, a practical-joking physicist who helped establish the Big Bang theory--and his search to find a life partner.
Stories of his encounters and work with some of the leading scientists of the 20th century include Linus Pauling, Richard Feynman, and especially George Gamow, the Russian physicist with whom Watson founded the legendary RNA-Tie Club.
Perhaps Gamow uses what he (wrongly) perceives as an image of native tranquillity and innocence (and ignorance?
The cosmic abundance of elements has been investigated by Weizsacker (1938) and then by Gamow et al (1948); Chandrasekhar (1942) and more recently Fowler et al [1] pointed out several processes in the stars that concurrently account for the formation of heavy elements in the universe.
Gamow humorously suggested that the eminent physicist Hans Bethe be added as an author so that the author list would read Alpher, Bethe, Gamow, a play on the first three Greek letters.
In the late 1940s, the Russian emigre George Gamow and two younger physicists developed a theory about the origin of the chemical elements and how the universe began.
Gamow, his psychoanalyst of five years, he will use the telescope to become a technician, rather than remain an "object of technique" (p.
The idea that the Sun could synthesize helium was first proposed by men such as Gamow [377, 378], Bethe [379-381], von Weisacker [382] and Hoyle [383,384].