gang

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gang,

group of people organized for a common purpose, often criminal. Gangs of criminals were long known on the American frontierfrontier,
in U.S. history, the border area of settlement of Europeans and their descendants; it was vital in the conquest of the land between the Atlantic and the Pacific.
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 and also flourished in urban settings. Notorious were the outlaws led by Jesse JamesJames, Jesse (Woodson),
1847–82, American outlaw, b. Clay co., Mo. At the age of 15 he joined the Confederate guerrilla band led by William Quantrill and participated in the brutal and bloody civil warfare in Kansas and Missouri.
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 and his brother, the Sydney Ducks of San Francisco (active in the 1850s), and the Hudson Dusters of turn-of-the-century New York City. Modern criminal gangs are largely urban and highly organized (see organized crimeorganized crime,
criminal activities organized and coordinated on a national scale, often with international connections. The American tradition of daring desperadoes like Jesse James and John Dillinger, has been superseded by the corporate criminal organization.
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). Adolescent gangs before World War II were generally poverty-area recreational groups that turned to crime under the influence of adult gangs. Often the groups were rehabilitated through recreational leadership and guidance in community centers. In the late 1940s fighting gangs arose in the poverty areas of most large cities. Uniting to seek security and status in a discouraging environment, the young members divide their neighborhoods into rival territories and amass homemade and stolen weapons. Boundary violations or other insults invite intergang fights in streets or parks. Most fighting gangs are organized intricately, with caste systems and with officers who arrange battles and prepare strategy; the gang may range in size from several members to over 100. Factors related to the development of delinquent gangs include blighted communities, dropping out of school, unemployment, family disorganization, neighborhood traditions of gang delinquency, psychopathology, and ethnic status. Gangs provide acceptance and protection to inner-city youth; in Los Angeles gangs doubled from 400 in 1985 to 800 (with 90,000 members) in 1990. See also juvenile delinquencyjuvenile delinquency,
legal term for behavior of children and adolescents that in adults would be judged criminal under law. In the United States, definitions and age limits of juveniles vary, the maximum age being set at 14 years in some states and as high as 21 years in others.
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.

Bibliography

See L. Yablonsky, The Violent Gang (1962, repr. 1970); M. W. Klein and B. G. Myerhoff, Juvenile Gangs in Context (1967); J. F. Short, ed., Gang Delinquency and Delinquent Subcultures (1968); E. Liebow, Talley's Corner (1968); J. Haskins, Street Gangs: Yesterday and Today (1977); W. F. Whyte, Streetcorner Society (1981); A. Campbell, Girls in the Gang (1984); E. Dolan, Youth Gangs (1984); L. Bing, Do or Die (1991).

What does it mean when you dream about a gang?

Dreaming of being a gang member may be an unconscious expression of the need to achieve things through force and intimidation. If threatened by a gang, one may feel that life conditions or the factors associated with a particular issue have “ganged up” on them.

gang

[gaŋ]
(electricity)
A mechanical connection of two or more circuit devices so that they can be varied at the same time.

gang

1. a herd of buffaloes or elks or a pack of wild dogs
2. 
a. a series of similar tools arranged to work simultaneously in parallel
b. (as modifier): a gang saw
References in periodicals archive ?
In retaliatory fire, two gang war suspects including Musa and Sohail were killed on the spot while another suspects succumbed to his injuries when he was being shifted to hospital.
The gang war spread in adjacent areas of Lyari and Shera Hotel in Pak Colony was attacked with hand grenades when accomplices of Shahid Rehman were reportedly sitting inside.
Liam Smith was a victim of the gang war between youths from the Croxteth area of Liverpool - where Rhys was killed - and neighbouring Norris Green.
The fact the young Everton fan was shot hours before the first anniversary of Mr Smith's murder led to some speculation Rhys was an innocent victim of the gang war.
Two days later, the first of two gang-related shootings in a week threatened to thrust the area into a gang war.
A GANG war truce in north Liverpool has been shattered by a masked gunman.
They shock him with how nonchalantly they can toss off a gripping monologue about a brother killed in a gang war.
KARACHI -- A gang war accused, belonging to Baba Ladla group, was killed in police encounter in Chakiwara area.
According to sources that arrested and eliminated suspects included members of Al Qaeda, TTP, BLA, Lyari gang war and Muttahida Qaumi Movement.
KARACHI -- The PPP MNAs, Shah Jahan Baloch and Amin Buledi have refused of murdering the main figure of Lyari Gang war, Arshad Pappu, levied on them by judge anti-terrorist court, Khalida Yasmeen.
Zia- ul- Haq, who was posted as circle officer of Kunda, had gone to the village after receiving information that a gang war was going on.
Police said the victim was an informer of Waseem Mama, who was involved in the gang war.