gang

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gang,

group of people organized for a common purpose, often criminal. Gangs of criminals were long known on the American frontierfrontier,
in U.S. history, the border area of settlement of Europeans and their descendants; it was vital in the conquest of the land between the Atlantic and the Pacific.
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 and also flourished in urban settings. Notorious were the outlaws led by Jesse JamesJames, Jesse (Woodson),
1847–82, American outlaw, b. Clay co., Mo. At the age of 15 he joined the Confederate guerrilla band led by William Quantrill and participated in the brutal and bloody civil warfare in Kansas and Missouri.
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 and his brother, the Sydney Ducks of San Francisco (active in the 1850s), and the Hudson Dusters of turn-of-the-century New York City. Modern criminal gangs are largely urban and highly organized (see organized crimeorganized crime,
criminal activities organized and coordinated on a national scale, often with international connections. The American tradition of daring desperadoes like Jesse James and John Dillinger, has been superseded by the corporate criminal organization.
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). Adolescent gangs before World War II were generally poverty-area recreational groups that turned to crime under the influence of adult gangs. Often the groups were rehabilitated through recreational leadership and guidance in community centers. In the late 1940s fighting gangs arose in the poverty areas of most large cities. Uniting to seek security and status in a discouraging environment, the young members divide their neighborhoods into rival territories and amass homemade and stolen weapons. Boundary violations or other insults invite intergang fights in streets or parks. Most fighting gangs are organized intricately, with caste systems and with officers who arrange battles and prepare strategy; the gang may range in size from several members to over 100. Factors related to the development of delinquent gangs include blighted communities, dropping out of school, unemployment, family disorganization, neighborhood traditions of gang delinquency, psychopathology, and ethnic status. Gangs provide acceptance and protection to inner-city youth; in Los Angeles gangs doubled from 400 in 1985 to 800 (with 90,000 members) in 1990. See also juvenile delinquencyjuvenile delinquency,
legal term for behavior of children and adolescents that in adults would be judged criminal under law. In the United States, definitions and age limits of juveniles vary, the maximum age being set at 14 years in some states and as high as 21 years in others.
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.

Bibliography

See L. Yablonsky, The Violent Gang (1962, repr. 1970); M. W. Klein and B. G. Myerhoff, Juvenile Gangs in Context (1967); J. F. Short, ed., Gang Delinquency and Delinquent Subcultures (1968); E. Liebow, Talley's Corner (1968); J. Haskins, Street Gangs: Yesterday and Today (1977); W. F. Whyte, Streetcorner Society (1981); A. Campbell, Girls in the Gang (1984); E. Dolan, Youth Gangs (1984); L. Bing, Do or Die (1991).

What does it mean when you dream about a gang?

Dreaming of being a gang member may be an unconscious expression of the need to achieve things through force and intimidation. If threatened by a gang, one may feel that life conditions or the factors associated with a particular issue have “ganged up” on them.

gang

[gaŋ]
(electricity)
A mechanical connection of two or more circuit devices so that they can be varied at the same time.

gang

1. a herd of buffaloes or elks or a pack of wild dogs
2. 
a. a series of similar tools arranged to work simultaneously in parallel
b. (as modifier): a gang saw
References in periodicals archive ?
The primary cause for this increasing violence could be traced to an escalation in drug-related gang warfare.
Self-defense and weapon use training, dealing with aggressive assailants, and learning the intricacies of gang warfare are just some of the exercises.
A TALE of glamour and gang warfare will take place later this month at Cadbury College as students perform Bugsy Malone.
Sadly we have become used to gang warfare over the years.
Supposedly a work of fiction, the plot centres around young lads caught in gang warfare on a south London estate.
Parker Haas is an undercover cop in a gloomy near-future LA, where predictions about gang warfare, fundamentalist terrorism and environmental collapse are all coming true, and increasingly life is conducted in online role playing games.
The Lord Chief Justice, Lord Judge, increased the seven-year term originally imposed on James Yates to 12 years - a move welcomed by the parents of gang warfare victim Rhys Jones.
FERNANDO Meirelles's breathtaking crime thriller takes a breakneck journey through three decades of violence and gang warfare in Rio de Janeiro's drug-riddled streets.
POLICE investigating gang warfare in Edinburgh have ruled out Genghis Khan as a suspect.
Only a very small proportion of the community is responsible for the latest breakdown in law and order, but unfortunately the results of every new outbreak of gang warfare have wide-ranging implications.
The murder comes after a spate of shootings caused by gang warfare in the notorious south Manchester district.