ganglioside

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Related to Gangliosides: sialic acid, Cerebrosides, Glycolipids, gangliosidosis, Glycosphingolipids

ganglioside

[′gaŋ·glē·ō‚sīd]
(biochemistry)
One of a group of glycosphingolipids found in neuronal surface membranes and spleen; they contain an N-acyl fatty acid derivative of sphingosine linked to a carbohydrate (glucose or galactose); they also contain N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine, and N-acetylneuraminic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our study was limited in that the immunocapture approach targeted different gangliosides with several mAbs, so some melanoma CTC that expressed low amounts or none of the gangliosides on their surface may be missed.
that when these pure compounds administrated exogenously during stress they might ameliorate the chronic stress-induced brain oxidative changes by normalizing gangliosides related alterations and content.
Jones et al (16) characterized the pathology for 2 patients with MPS IIID (one of the rarest of the Sanfilippo syndromes) and found that the central nervous system was the most severely affected tissue because of secondary accumulation of gangliosides in addition to the primary lysosomal accumulation of heparin sulfate.
Similarly, at ASCO 2008, investigators in the phase III EORTC (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer) 18961 trial reported that an adjuvant vaccine that was targeted against a ganglioside that was overexpressed on most melanoma cells did not improve distant metastasis-free survival, and that an early interim analysis suggested a detriment to overall survival.
Simultaneously, the cell membrane receptor for CT was identified to be a specific ganglioside, GM1, which was arguably the first ever chemically fully defined biologic receptor (4,5).
Many reports demonstrated the ability of RCC to release immunosuppressive factors such as TGF-[beta], IL-10, gangliosides and prostaglandins.
Gangliosides have been found to be present primarily within grey matter nuclei and, to a lesser degree, within myelin sheaths of the white matter.
Interestingly buffalo milk gangliosides appear to have greater toxin binding and anti-inflammatory properties than cows milk suggesting some potential novel applications for the product from buffalo in the future (Colarow et al.
If you start with GM1 ganglioside, which is one of the larger gangliosides, you have to chop off the last sugar first.
Tay-Sachs disease Autosomal Inability to break down recessive gangliosides.
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in developing rats alters behaviour, myelination and regions brain gangliosides pattern.
These glycolipids are tentatively identified as gangliosides due to their staining with resorcinol and migration near the origin.