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see SikkimSikkim
, state (2001 provisional pop. 540,493), 2,745 sq mi (7,110 sq km), India. It is located in the E Himalayas and bordered by Nepal (W), by the Tibet region of China (N), by Bhutan (E), and by the Indian state of West Bengal (S). The capital and only town is Gangtok.
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capital of the principality of Sikkim. Situated in a mountain valley near the Natu Pass in spurs of the Himalayas; altitude, 1,900 m. It has a damp climate (yearly precipitation approaches 3,300 mm). Average temperatures: 8° C in January, 20° C in July. Population, 12,000 (1964).

Gangtok is one of Sikkim’s major commercial and transportation centers. Roads link it with the railroad junction in Siliguri and the airport in Baghdogra (India). A ropeway leads to the pass. Cottage industry is important; it includes woodworking, tanning, paper production, embroidery, and carpet weaving. There is also a printing press establishment, a publishing house, an electric power plant, and an institute of Tibetan studies. The city consists largely of single-story dwellings, but one can also see the modern stone edifices of hotels, movie theaters, and stores. The residence of the ruler of the principality stands at the top of a hill, together with a monastery that is a typical example of Tibetan religious architecture.


Prazauskas, A. Butan, Sikkim. Moscow, 1970.


a town in NE India: capital of Sikkim state. Pop.: 29 162 (2001)
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References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi, Jan 7 ( ANI ): Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation will organize a two-day Conference of Central and States Statistical Organizations (COCSSOs) in Gangtok, Sikkim on January 10 -11.
27 ( ANI ): More than 200 exiled Tibetans walked for over 100 kilometres from Gangtok, Sikkim, to Siliguri in West Bengal on Tuesday to protest against Beijing's oppression in Tibet.
29 ( ANI ): It was a contest between the United Sikkim Football Club and East Bengal Football Club at the Paljor Stadium in Gangtok, Sikkim, on October 11.
Gangtok (Sikkim), Apr 18 (ANI): Authorities in Gangtok, Sikkim, have said that it will take two to three days to recover the bodies of twelve workers who drowned after the Rangpo Dam collapsed earlier this week.