García Gutiérrez, Antonio

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García Gutiérrez, Antonio

(äntō`nyō gärthē`ä go͞otyār`rĕth), 1813?–1884, Spanish romantic playwright. He was a soldier when his best-known play, El trovador, was staged in 1836. This play and his Simón Bocanegra (1843) were adapted by Verdi for the operas Il Trovatore (1852) and Simon Boccanegra (two versions: 1857 and 1881). His last major plays were Venganze catalana (1864) and his masterpiece Juan Lorenzo (1865).

García Gutiérrez, Antonio

 

Born Oct. 5, 1813, in Chiclana, province of Cádiz; died Aug. 26, 1884, in Madrid. Spanish playwright.

García Gutiérrez’ drama The Troubadour (1836; opera by Verdi, 1853) showed the conflict of its hero with the world of feudal oppression. The Page (1837), The Valencian Stranger (1840), The King’s Treasurer (1850), and the psychological tragedy Simon Boccanegra (1843; Verdi opera, 1857) are dramas of romantic passions. The plots of the plays The King-Monk (1837), The Wedding of Doña Sancha (1843), Catalonian Vengeance (1864), and Juan Lorenzo (1865) are borrowed from the Spanish romancero and popular legends.

WORKS

Obras escogidas. Madrid, 1866.
El diablo nocturno. Mexico City, 1956.

REFERENCES

Adams, N. B. The Romantic Dramas of García Gutiérrez. New York, 1922.
Valbuena Prat, A. Historia de la literatura española, vol. 2. Barcelona, 1957.

A. L. SHTEIN