Gardiner's Island,c.3,000 acres (1,210 hectares), in Gardiners Bay between the two flukelike peninsulas of E Long Island, SE N.Y. It was settled by colonist Lion GardinerGardiner, Lion,
1599–1663, English colonist in America. Under contract with patentees of Connecticut, Gardiner designed and erected (1635–36) the blockhouse at Saybrook, which he defended in the Pequot War (1636–37).
..... Click the link for more information. in 1639 as the first permanent English settlement in New York state and has been owned since by his descendants.