Garigue


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garigue

[gə′rēg]
(ecology)
A low, open scrubland restricted to limestone sites in the Mediterranean area; characterized by small evergreen shrubs and low trees.

Garigue

 

a form of vegetation in the Mediterranean region in which low evergreen bushes or dwarf palms (palmetto) predominate. Most of the vegetation is lower than in the maquis, and usually garigue and maquis are not found in the same place. Garigue can be natural, or it can arise as a result of overuse of pasture. The main plants in the garigue are semishrubs, bulbs, and other perennial grasses. The broadest expanses are covered by two formations. The first is the kermes oak (Quercus coccifera), which reaches a height of 0.5 m; it covers extensive regions in southern France and the Pyrenees, the Apennines, and the Balkan Peninsula. The second formation is the palmetto garigue, which is dominated by the native European palm Chamaerops humilis, whose trunk forms a hummock only a few centimeters in height (rarely reaching 2 m). Asphodels, myrtles, pistachios, spurges, and asparagus grow among the palmettos. The palmetto garigue is found in southern Spain, the Balearic Islands, Algeria, and Morocco; to the east it reaches as far as western Sicily. If the garigue is subjected to intensive exploitation as pasture, it can acquire features similar to those of the frigana.

References in periodicals archive ?
Buckthorn and caper are compatible with garigue scrub (caper can also grow on rocky surfaces and cliffs), whilst tamarisk could have occurred in halophytic communities growing on marshes and streams close to sea level (cf.
Philippe Garigue, who has had a long and distinguished career as a social scientist, is most deserving of recognition for his poetry as well.
CONTACT: Press contact: Calyptus - Marie-Anne Garigue, Tel: +33-1-53-65-68-63, Fax: +33-1-53-65-68-60, marie-anne.
studies were published on the vegetation of the garigue plant
It was on the very basis of their "mistaken historical judgement" that Universite de Montreal sociologist Philippe Garigue disputed the findings of Hughes and Miner, among others, both anglophone and francophone, who supported "folk society" theories about "traditional" Quebec families.
CONTACT: Press contact: Calyptus - Marie-Anne Garigue Guyenne et Gascogne contact: Marc LAA[c]guillette Tel: +33-1-53-65-68-63 - Fax: +33-1-53-65-68-60 Tel: +33-5-59-44-55-00 - Fax: +33-5-59-44-55-77 marie-anne.
CONTACT: Press contact: Calyptus, Marie-Anne Garigue, Tel: +33-1-53-65-68-63, Fax: +33-1-53-65-68-60, marie-anne.
fr PRESS Marie-Anne Garigue / Gregory Bosson CALYPTUS T : +33(0)1-53-65-68-63 / +33(0)1-53-65-37-90 prodware@calyptus.
Many Mediterranean or Garigue plants also have silver foliage that has resulted as a genetic adaptation to a hot, dry climate with limited rainfall.
com/ ISIN: FR0000120289 Press contact: Calyptus Marie-Anne Garigue Tel: +33-1-53-65-68-63 Fax: +33-1-53-65-68-60 marie-anne.
ISIN: FR0000120289 Press contact: Calyptus - Marie-Anne Garigue Tel: +33-1-53-65-68-63 Fax: +33-1-53-65-68-60 marie-anne.
Robert Garigue of Canada, and is intended to stimulate the emergence of what the Swedes call Multinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information Sharing (M4IS) through the creation of regional Multinational Information Operations Centers (MIOC).