Garnier-Pagès, Louis Antoine

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Garnier-Pagès, Louis Antoine

(lwē äNtwän` gärnyā`-päzhĕs`), 1803–78, French politician. Becoming active in politics after his brother's death, he was elected (1842) to the chamber of deputies. He opposed the government of King Louis PhilippeLouis Philippe
, 1773–1850, king of the French (1830–48), known before his accession as Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans. The son of Philippe Égalité (see Orléans, Louis Philippe Joseph, duc d'), he joined the army of the French Revolution,
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 and was a leader of the banquet campaign (1847–48) that helped bring about its downfall in the February RevolutionFebruary Revolution,
1848, French revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Louis Philippe and established the Second Republic. General dissatisfaction resulted partly from the king's increasingly reactionary policy, carried out after 1840 by François Guizot, and partly
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 of 1848. He was mayor of Paris and finance minister in the provisional government (1848). After 1864 he was a member of the parliamentary opposition to Emperor Napoleon III, and in 1870–71 he was a member of the government of national defense, formed after Napoleon's defeat at Sedan in the Franco-Prussian War.

Garnier-Pagès, Louis Antoine

 

Born Feb. 16, 1803, in Marseilles; died Oct. 31, 1878, in Paris. French politician. Took part in the revolutions of 1830 and 1848; a moderate bourgeois republican.

Garnier-Pagès was a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1842 to 1848. After the Revolution of 1848 he was a member of the Provisional Government, mayor of Paris, and minister of finance (March-May); he served as a member of the Executive Commission (May-June). On his initiative, on Mar. 16, 1848, an additional 45-centime land tax was introduced, turning the peasantry against the Second Republic. Under the Second Empire he was a member of the corps législatif (1864-70), in which he sided with the Republican opposition to the Bonapartist regime. After the Revolution of Sept. 4, 1870, he was a member of the Government of National Defense; after February 1871 he played no active political role.

WORKS

Histoíre de la révolution de 1848, vols. 1-10. Paris, 1861-72. In Russian translation: Istoriia revoliutsii 1848, vols. 1-3. St. Petersburg, 1862-64.

REFERENCE

Vermorel, A. Deiateli sorok vos’mogo goda. Moscow, 1923. (Translated from French.)

E. E. IUROVSKAIA