Gas Fuels

Gas Fuels


gaseous substances capable of burning. In a broad sense hydrogen, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and gaseous hydrocarbons (for instance, methane, ethane, and ethylene) are all gas fuels. In technology, however, the term “gas fuels” is usually understood to refer to the natural and artificial mixtures of these gases diluted with noncombustible gases, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, inert gases, and water vapor. Industrially, the most important of the gases are the natural gas fuels extracted from the depths of the earth, which contain up to 99 percent gaseous hydrocarbons, chiefly methane and its closest homologues. Natural gas fuels are extracted from gas deposits or together with petroleum.

Artificial gas fuel mixtures are obtained as a result of the thermal decomposition of solid and liquid fuel. The most common are coke gas, a product derived from coking solid fuel; generator gas, formed during fuel gasification; petroleum refining gases, which are obtained during the thermal and thermocatalytic refining of oil and oil products; and blast-furnace gas, which is formed during the smelting of iron. In contrast to natural gases, artificial gas fuels are made up of unsaturated hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and sometimes a considerable amount of hydrogen. Gas fuels are also obtained in small quantities by the underground coal gasification method.

The development of the gas industry in the USSR and a number of other countries is based on natural gas fuels, of which the USSR has the largest reserves in the world. In the total output of the principal types of fuel in the USSR, 17.9 percent are natural gases (1968). The production of artificial gas fuels has not increased because of the low efficiency of refining solid fuels. Natural gas, a convenient and inexpensive type of fuel, is being used more widely in many different industries and in the public utility area. The use of natural gas permits substantial simplifications in many important production processes.


Riabtsev, N. I. Prirodnye i iskusstvennye gazy, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1967.
Staskevich, N. L. Spravochnoe rukovodstvo po gazosnabzheniiu. Leningrad, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
Clean Energy Fuels sold almost 65 million gasoline gallons equivalent (GGE) of natural gas fuels in the second quarter of this year, up from 50 million in the same period of 2012 and 25 million in 2009.
Ferus Natural Gas Fuels and ENN Canada Corporation have formed a joint venture to construct, own and operate two LNG liquefaction plants in Canada.
As operator, Ferus Natural Gas Fuels is responsible for the design, engineering, construction, operation, and marketing and sales of both facilities.
19, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Ferus Natural Gas Fuels and ENN Canada Corporation announced a Joint Venture today to construct, own and operate two LNG liquefaction plants in Canada.
Ferus Natural Gas Fuels specializes in building and operating cryogenic and micro-LNG plants and distribution equipment, and ENN Canada, which is developing LNG refueling infrastructure across the country, brings expertise in the construction and operation of LNG/LCNG stations and provides assistance in acquiring and transitioning to natural gas vehicles.
Lack of infrastructure is one of the major challenges associated with the development of the LNG fueling market," said Dick Brown, CEO of Ferus Natural Gas Fuels.
About Ferus Natural Gas Fuels Ferus Natural Gas Fuels (formerly Ferus LNG) is privately-held by The Energy & Minerals Group.
The company has formulated a new business plan called Green Fuel Initiative (GFI), and will reinforce its operations regarding solid, liquid and gas fuels as well as biomass fuels.
RP Publishing (Denver, CO), the publisher of "Natural Gas Fuels," has begun the publication of "Advanced Fleet" with an issue in August.
To simulate the kind of soot-forming combustion used in furnaces and diesel engines, mission specialists forced gas fuels through a tube into the experimental cylinder.
This will enable a full evaluation of different blends of hydrogen/natural gas fuels.
Sydkraft supplies natural gas fuel to the City of Malmo's entire bus fleet.