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Bauhin, Gaspard(gäspär` bōăN`), 1560–1624, Swiss botanist and doctor of medicine, of French descent. His early classification of plants by genus and species in his chief work, the Pinax theatri botanici (1623), anticipated the binomial arrangement of Linnaeus. Bauhin reformed anatomical nomenclature, especially that of muscles. His elder brother, Jean Bauhin, 1541–1613, was also a botanist and doctor of medicine. A genus of plants, Bauhinia, was named for the brothers.
Born Jan. 17, 1560, in Basel; died there Dec. 15, 1624. Swiss botanist, anatomist, and plant taxonomist.
Bauhin was one of the first to begin to use binary nomenclature in botany, which had been definitively introduced by C. Linnaeus. Bauhin’s brother Johann (born Feb. 12, 1541; died Oct. 27, 1613) was also a botanist and is famous for his three-volume work, a description of 5,000 plant species.
WORKSProdromus theatri botanici. Frankfurt, 1620.
Pinax theatri botanici. Basel, 1671.
Theatrum anatomicum. Frankfurt, 1621.
Historia plantarum universalis, vols. 1–3. Embrun, 1650–61. (With J. H. Cherler.)