Gaston Bachelard

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Bachelard, Gaston


Born June 27, 1884, in Bar-sur-Aube; died Oct. 16, 1962. French philosopher who laid the foundation of so-called neorationalism. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1955).

From 1919 to 1930, Bachelard was professor of physics and chemistry at the College of Bar-sur-Aube. Beginning in 1940 he was head of the department of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne and later at the Institute of the History of Science. The basic principle of Bachelard’s philosophy was the concept of “new scientific reason,” which according to Bachelard’s thought, was the expression of the contemporary stage of knowledge. In the spirit of neo-Kantianism, Bachelard argued that an object of scientific knowledge (for example, of contemporary physics) is not a reality but a model that is the result of prior logical and experimental activity. Here the direct facts of nature play the role of “pretexts” for scientific thought, not the role of objects of knowledge (see Le Nouvel Esprit scientifique, Paris, 1934, p. 6). Contact with the real elements of the world is possible by means of creative imagination, which acts through images.


Le Rationalisme appliqué. Paris, 1949.
Le Matérialisme rationnel. Paris, 1953.


Hommage à Gaston Bachelard. Paris, 1957.
Guillet, P. Bachelard: Présentation, choix de textes, bibliographic Paris, 1964.
Dagognet, F. Gaston Bachelard. Paris, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
fugitive states, Noorjehan's 'fields' are perhaps best illuminated by French philosopher Gaston Bachelard, who wrote: Each one of us should make a surveyor's map of his lost fields and means.
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Storm makes sense of shelter' is a quotation from a very influential architectural book, The Poetics of Space, by the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard.
Gaston Bachelard On Poetic Imagination and Reverie.
Antes, entretanto, torna-se necessaria a mencao a Gaston Bachelard, que dedicou grande parte da sua obra a estudar o devaneio e os sonhos na literatura, distinguindo-os da seguinte maneira: "Um devaneio, diferentemente do sonho, nao se conta.
He quotes an emphatic Gaston Bachelard in his The Poetics of Space on these sites--"Reverie is not a mental vacuum; it is rather the gift of an hour which knows the plenitude of the soul.
Effectivement, comme le disait Gaston Bachelard, dans son livre L'air et les songes, [beaucoup moins que]le monde vient s'imaginer dans la reverie humaine[beaucoup plus grand que].
Taking his place in a radical genealogy of thinkers such as Gaston Bachelard and Paul Feyerabend, Serres has had a decisive impact, felt in the work of Bruno Latour.
As Gaston Bachelard observed in The Psychoanalysis of Fire, "Fire smoulders in the soul more surely than it does under ashes.
Home Sweet Home was in part inspired by the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard.
Gaston Bachelard, who died fifty years ago on October 16, 1962, wrote in Philosophie du non: "Finally, the philosophy of physical science is perhaps the only philosophy that applies in determining an overrun of its principles.
He incorporates his own close observations of personal experiences (and includes some photos) and engages with the philosophical and literary work of Gaston Bachelard, Pierre Nora, Merleau-Ponty, Freud, H.