Gaston Camille Charles Maspero

(redirected from Gaston Maspero)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Maspero, Gaston Camille Charles

 

Born June 23, 1846, in Paris; died there June 30, 1916. French Egyptologist. Member of the French Academy of Inscriptions from 1883 and its permanent secretary from 1914.

Maspero founded the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology in Cairo in 1881. From 1881 to 1886 and then from 1899 to 1914 he was director general of the Antiquities Service and director of the Egyptian Museum. Archaeological excavations directed by Maspero made numerous discoveries, including a cache with the mummies of pharaohs of the 17th to 22nd dynasties in Deir el Bahri; the Pyramid Texts (magic formulas, hymns to the gods, excerpts from myths) on the inner walls of pyramids of the Fifth and Sixth dynasties in Saqqara; and tombs in Dahshur, Medum (Meidum), and Saqqara. Maspero initiated the clearance and restoration of the temples of Karnak and Luxor. He also founded the Egyptian Museum’s publication, General Catalog.

Maspero’s works encompass all fields of Egyptology. On the basis of sources known during his time, Maspero published his Histoire ancienne des peuples de l’Orient classique (Ancient History of the Peoples of the Classical Orient; vols. 1-3, 1895-99; Russian translation, 1895). In this work he summarized all that was known about the ancient peoples of the Middle East. Describing the ancient society of the Middle East as feudal, he nevertheless acknowledged the extensive use of slave labor. Maspero was a talented writer of books popularizing the history and culture of ancient Egypt.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Egipet. Moscow, 1915.
Vo vremena Ramzesa i Assurbanipala, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1916.

REFERENCE

Cordier, H. Bibliographie des oeuvres de G. Maspero. Paris, 1922.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was only in the nineteenth century that the temple at Luxor was truly uncovered, when the archeologist Gaston Maspero re-discovered it in 1881.
The first item references a three-volume Festschrift dedicated to the French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero and his son, the Byzantine scholar Jean Maspero.
Museum curators purchased four of the five fragments in 2000 from the collection of French archaeologist Gaston Maspero and a fifth piece was bought in 2003 during a public sale at the Drouot auction house.
Museum curators purchased four of the five fragments in 2000 from the collection of French archeologist Gaston Maspero and a fifth piece was bought in 2003 during a public sale at the Drouot auction house.
Albert Gayet (1856-1916) was a student of Gaston Maspero who began working in Egypt as a part of the French archaeological mission in 1885.
1) studied Egyptology in Paris with e famous scholar Gaston Maspero.
In January 1900, Gaston Maspero, Director of the Service for the second time, ordered the nine mummies found in the cache to be sent to Cairo, while Amenhotep II, the mummy in the boat, probably of Sethnakht, and the three others found in one of the side rooms were left in the tomb.
His hard work paid dividends by 1899, when at the age of 25, Carter took up the prestigious position of Inspector General of Monuments for Upper Egypt, offered to him by the Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service, Gaston Maspero.
Kamal must be credited as the first Egyptian professional Egyptologist active in museum work and education and as a respected colleague of Gaston Maspero.