gastroenteritis

(redirected from Gastro-enteritis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

gastroenteritis:

see enteritisenteritis
, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Acute enteritis is not usually serious except in infants and older people, in whom the accompanying diarrhea can cause dehydration through the loss of fluids.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Gastroenteritis

 

an inflammatory disease of the stomach and small intestine.

In man, gastroenteritis develops as a result of food poisoning, bacterial infection, poor water, diseases (influenza, pneumonia, measles, sepsis), and poisoning by heavy metals, acids, alkalies, and mercury compounds. It occurs in acute and chronic forms. It is also frequently accompanied by affection of the large intestine (gastroenterocolitis). Medical treatment in acute gastroenteritis involves irrigation of the stomach by means of a probe or, alternatively, by an ordinary drink followed by induced vomiting. Hot-water bottles may be applied to the legs, and medicinal therapy is useful in regulating the secretory functions of the stomach and intestine. Treatment in chronic gastroenteritis may include long-term dietotherapy, strict observance of a diet, and medicinal therapy.

REFERENCE

Lorie, I. F. Bolezni kishechnika. Moscow, 1957.

I. S. SAVOSHCHENKO

In animals, gastroenteritis is observed in the form of catarrhal, croupous, diphtheritic, hemorrhagic, and phlegmonous inflammations. It is caused by spoiled feeds and acrid chemical and vegetable poisons, and, secondarily, by certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, pasteurellosis, paratyphoid, plague, and swine erysipelas. Gastroenteritis is manifested by severe depression, weakness, and the excretion of watery feces with an unpleasant odor, mucus, fibrin pellicles, and blood. Colic and elevated temperature are also possible. Medical treatment entails irrigation of the stomach, as well as internal medication, such as laxatives, astringents, disinfectant and bacteriostatic compounds, mucous decoctions, and cardiac agents. Prophylaxis aims at the maintenance of the zoohygienic requirements of animal nutrition.

N. M. PREOBRAZHENSKII

gastroenteritis

[¦ga·strō‚ent·ə′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach and intestine.

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and intestines
References in periodicals archive ?
Last night, a spokeswoman for Fred Olsen said: "We can confirm that a number of people on a recent cruise to the Canary Islands demonstrated symptoms of a viral infection with mild gastro-enteritis.
Haider Qabbani has filed a complaint with the Ministry of Health against GMC Hospital, where his son's appendix was wrongly diagnosed as gastro-enteritis.
There are no known causes for haemorrhagic gastro-enteritis - but it is thought abnormalities with the immune system could be the problem.
The call comes just weeks after Rosie, a six-year-old Labrador from Moreton Morrell, was treated at the Wellesbourne practice with severe gastro-enteritis - a condition that left her on the brink of death.
He was later diagnosed and treated for gastro-enteritis and was discharged when he appeared to improve.
The Matildas arrive for the game in Burnley after a trip to China, where several of their players went down with gastro-enteritis, and this is small fry before they go to America for the World Cup later this month.
It would not have been pleasant viewing for manager Gerard Houllier, watching from his sick bed after suffering a bout of gastro-enteritis.
Last year, a heat wave killed hundreds of people and led to thousands of new cases of gastro-enteritis and cholera in New Delhi.
Gastro-enteritis caused by viruses (Small Round Structured Viruses) is on the increase.
At two months, she was rushed to hospital with six other babies from the home suffering from acute gastro-enteritis.
We are delighted that Mexico has become the first country in the world to approve Rotarix(R), an important new vaccine to prevent severe rotavirus-related gastro-enteritis in infants worldwide," said Jean Stephenne, President and General Manager of GSK Biologicals.
In September 2004, people protested in front of the same hospital after 14 children died of broncho-pneumonia and gastro-enteritis.